History-The scientific revolution
- near the end of the 17 century and start of the eighteenth century, catholic church in Rome starts to
feel pressure for the following reasons
The Protestant Revolution-Papacy losing land in which the catholic reformation seemed to
with scientific investigation on the rise and more people proclaiming its existence
RESULT- Italian Giordano Bruno was burned along with books for proclaiming scientific investigation
and Galileo is called summoned to Rome.
-Galileo escaped death penalty because the Pope Urban used to be his friend and accused him of
supporting only polish scientists not of heresy. But still put in lifetime house arrest in 1633
-17 century was “century of genius”
-Scientific revolution not due to new technologies rather to new ways of thinking about the
-Fourth century Aristotle believed the earth to be the centre of the universe, Ptomely not much
change from Aristotle’s view.
-Dante the poets writings reflect Aristotle’s and Ptomely’s views on the universe
-Arabs contributed a lot to early astronomy, mathematics etc. Raised troubling questions.
-Copernicus questioned Aristotle and Ptomely, and his book was published near his time of death.
He made observations which contradicted and proved wrong past literature. He made the bold
statement that the sun was the centre based on his observations. Other people before also
questioned the past literature, Nicholas of Cusa(german) suggested that universe was infinite and
the sun was the centre, and that the earth was in motion but made no calculations to prove so.
Leonardo da Vinci also suggested that the earth might move around the sun.
-Harvey thought of the blood pumping through the heart like a pu