Textbook Notes (368,566)
Canada (161,966)
Music (9)
MUS211H1 (1)

portugal and spain text notes.rtf

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Jeff Packman

Turkey Arabesk - still commercially successful, ambivalent ("cultural intimacy" herzfeld; stokes. republic of love) - something about us as a culture that we value - emotiveness, melodramatic, - several stars (e.g gencebay) own lucrative production companies - still asso. with lower classes - not longer targeted by government cultural policy - many new stars not trained as classical performers (ibriham tatlises) - gay, transvestite, and transexual performers are among the genre's stars - "arabesk debate" (stokes) has spotlighted/challenged various notions of belonging in "modernizing" turkey -stars violating cultural norms, often backlash -makes the public think differently about things- this is an example Iberia:PortugalandSpain Fado and Flamenco Portugal: -pop approx. : 11million - early colonial power - dictatorship from 1926-74 -74 - present = democratic republic - key cities; lisbon, coimbra, porto Portugal as a colonia power - colonial holdings in Asia, Africa, south america(brazil) - *extractive colonization (setting don, farming, cultivation to send back to the empire, mostly men particularly brazil) -Imperial capital moved to Rio de Janiero, Brazil in 1808 (King returns to Lisbon in 1821) -cultural thinking about the empire is affected by a presence in the new world ( napoleon) - heightens cultural exchange between brazil and portugal - up brazils value (thinking about place in the empire, becomes a centre) fado antecedents; Modinha - becomes popular in brazil (2 styles) early c19 -becomes popular in portugal too after - based on portuguese art song form "moda" (sounds very classical and operatic/baroque) - find it way to popular classes/lower classes - adapted to lutes, guitar, violas -2 practices- on street and in burgoise - vertical style another brazillian fado precursor: Lundo - la no largo do se - com candido 1. da silva - based on an african-derived music and dance form (differentiates style) -started among african slaves - eventually was transcribed and found it was to upper classes - becomes fom of salon repertoire via sheet music - again 2 styles become popular in brazil and port. - still classical - rhythm is more syncopated than modish - more "slinky" -key vehicle for transporting music = sailors Fado - loose translation of "Fate" - fatalism: accepting what destiny has in store for you… influence of islamic culture - moorish - precise history is unclear - was never recorded ( lower illiterate classes) - history isn't explored until it reaches popularity, results in discrepincies in historical truth -1830's early references in lisbon ( return of the royal court) - early association with sailors, social marginals in old neighbourhoods of lisbon - combines modish, lundu, fandango (spain), and rural folk musics. Moorish(north african) influence has also been asserted - some assert Brazilian origin - Maria Severa (part Roma Gypsy) first celebrated Fadista c.1835) - (Roma found in polka vernacular) - previous week lecture* Fado Castico "heavy" sounds clip: a case de mariquinha, alfred marceniero (1891-92) -polka like, voice is different - serenade type style, timbre is differentt, not operatic, closed tight vibrato defines fado style angst happening -guitar, ornamented, trills - guitarra portuguesa , taha portuguesa -guitar = viola - like classical guitar - instruments allowing for travel - strophic form * : same melodic and harmonic materials with new text/lyrics each time. (dominant form) - often quatrains in fado - western harmony I-V-I Fado de Coimbra - variacoes em mi menor - (basic theme wiith variations in e minor) artus pareded 1899-1980 - instrumental style/approach - can be voice but often not - asserted ties to troubadours - university students at coimbra - guitarrada - taha portuguesa, viola etc. but as main feature guitarra : tuning dD aA bB ee bb aa coin bra typically tuned a whole step lower 12-string , sounds like harpsichord - vocal style draws on italia
More Less

Related notes for MUS211H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.