Textbook Notes (367,974)
Canada (161,538)
Philosophy (118)
PHL243H1 (26)

Cahill - Why Derivatization Is Better Than Objectification.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Ronniede Sousa

- It isn’t always a sign of disrespect to treat a person as a thing, so objectification can’t be the reason why certain things are bad (336) - Objectification = treated as a thing instead of a person (336) - Objectification relies on the premise that the most essential elements of human beings are non-bodily and that people are essentially autonomous (337) - LeMoncheck says the moral wrong in objectification is the belief that women are inferior to men, so they don’t deserve the treatment required by moral equality (338) - LeMoncheck lists “distinctive human capacities” like sentience, self-awareness, rationality, self-determination, and reflective thought (338) - These capacities make self-respect and autonomy possible (338) - “Person” is a moral category whose members share these intellectual and cognitive capacities (338) - When these capacities are not respected, the person is being wronged (338) - Objectification then = when a person is treated like she lacks distinctive human capacities she does in fact have (338) - So one can treat a woman as sexually attractive without treating her as a sex object, by treating her as a sexually attractive moral equal (338) - Objectification mixes with eroticism itself where the degradation itself becomes erotic (the objectified woman becomes sexy by becoming less-than-man and becomes inferior because she’s sexy) and when the woman’s sexuality is employed to undermine her personhood (339) - This type of objectification limits a woman’s ability to freely express her sexual desires and experiences and then all sexuality becomes pornography (339) - But this paradigm constructs a dichotomy – either be sexual and therefore degraded or don’t be sexual and limit your personal expression (339) - Heterosexuality itself makes it difficult for women to be recognized as both moral equals and sexual beings (339) - But the link between degradation and sexuality is unnecessary (340) - Nussbaum says the moral error of objectification is in treating people who are not objects as if they were (340) - But this raises the question of how we treat objects and why is the way we treat objects problematic? (340) - Nussbaum identifies seven traits associated with objects that would be problematic if applied to people – instrumentality, lack of autonomy, inertness, fungibility, violability, ownership, and lack of subjectivity (340) - Lack of autonomy is the most salient point, and it functions as the most defining element of moral equality among persons (340) - It is impossible to see someone as an autonomous being and simultaneously as an instrument to one’s own ends (341) - Mutually pleasurable sexual encounters can involve loss of autonomy wherein individuals no longer experience themselves as such (341) - They can also involve instrumentality
More Less

Related notes for PHL243H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.