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PHL265 T September 20 hobbes leviathan 13,14,20,21 and kavka.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
A Ripstein

PHL265 T September 20 2011 Leviathan Chapters 14152021 and Kavka Hobbes Foole14 Of the First and Second Natural Laws and of Contracts Right of Naturethe liberty each man has to use his power as he wills for the preservation of his own nature and life and of using the best possible methods to do so Libertythe absence of external obstacles which take away a mans power to do his will Law of Naturea precept or general rule found out by reason by which a man is forbidden to do that which is destructive to his life or takes away the means of preserving it and to not allow him to follow the best method of preserving his life Rightconsists in liberty to do or to forebear Lawdetermines and binds right and law are different as obligation and liberty are different in a state of war as every man is naturally in every man has a right to everything and even the right to anothers body so long as the right to every man of everything endures there can be no security every man ought to endeavour peace as far as he has hope of obtaining it and when he cannot obtain it that he may seek and use all helps and advantages of war First Law of Natureto seek peace and follow it and to defend ourselves by all means we can Second Law of Naturethat a man be willing when others are so too as farforth as for peace and defence of himself he shall think it necessary to lay down this right to all things and be contented with so much liberty against other men as he would allow other men against himselfas long as all men hold the condition of getting everything he wants he is in a condition of war if other men will not lay down their right to this along with him there is no reason to remove this right from oneself to lay down a mans right to anything is to divest himself of the liberty of hindering another of the benefit of his own right to the same this right is laid aside either by renouncing it or by transferring it to another bonds are formed by renouncing or transferring their right to this nature and so are obliged and bound by these bonds by the fear of some evil conseq
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