Textbook Notes (270,000)
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PHL (100)
Chapter

Notes simplified from the textbook! (pg 51-55)


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHL201H1
Professor
Brian Baigrie

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[PHL201: EXAM NOTES LECTURE 2]
1
THE WAGER
BY BLAISE PASCAL
Is it safer to believe in God even if theres no proof that God
exists?
Pascals four statements:
1.One does not know whether God exists
2.Not believing in God is bad for ones eternal soul if God does exists
3.Believing in God is of no consequence if God does not exist
4.Therefore it is in ones interest to believe in God
ARGUMENTS:
1.Argument #1: from super dominance:
a.The possibility that God exists is greater than zero
b. If you assume that God exists, and he does, then you have
gained everything in eternity in Heaven
c. If God does not exists, then you have lost nothing (thus, the
Bible is wrong)
d.Therefore, the better bet is to assume that God does exist
2.Argument #2: from expectation:
a.One has to decide whether God exist
b. If what was at stake in the wager was one or two extra
lifetimes of living, then one would still be wise to believe in
God in the hope that he did exist, and that one would be
rewarded
c.But what are at stake are not one, two or three extra
lifetimes. It is an infinite interval of living. The reward is
infinite. This makes the stakes even greater, and the denial
of Gods existence even less wise.
3.Argument #3: from generalized expectations:
a.The chance of God existing is not zero
b.Even if the change of God existence is small, the reward in
Heaven for believing in God is of infinite
c.Thus, a person is stupid for not believing in Gods existence
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