Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (170,000)
UTSG (10,000)
POL101Y1 (100)
Chapter 1

POL101Y1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Slavic Orthodox, Trade Bloc, Civi-Dt

Political Science
Course Code
Jeffrey Kopstein

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
It is my hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be
primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and
the dominating source of conflict will be cultural. Nation states will remain the most
powerflil actors in world affairs, but the principal conflicts of global politics will occur
between nations and groups of different civilizations. The clash of civilizations will
dominate global politics. The fault lines between civilizations will be the battle lines of
the future.
Conflict between civilizations Avill be the latest phase in the evo- lution of conflict in the
modern world. For a century and a half after the emergence of the modern international
system with the Peace of Westphalia, the conflicts of the Western world were largely
During the Cold War, this latter conflict became embodied in the struggle between the
two superpowers, nei- ther of which was a nation state in the classical European sense
and each of which defined its identity in terms of its ideology.
DURING T H E COLD W AR the world was divided into the First, Second and Third Worlds.
Those divisions are no longer relevant. It is far more meaningful now to group countries
not in terms of their political or economic systems or in terms of their level of economic
development but rather in terms of their culture and civilization.
What do we mean when we talk of a civilization? A civilization is a cultural entity.
Villages, regions, ethnic groups, nationalities, reli- gious groups, all have distinct
cultures at different levels of cultural heterogeneity. The culture of a village in
southern Italy may be dif- ferent from that of a village in northern Italy, but both
will share in a common Italian culture that distinguishes them from German vil-
lages. European communities, in turn, will share cultural features that distinguish
them from Arab or Chinese communities.
Civilizations are nonetheless meaningfiil entities, and while the lines between them
are seldom sharp, they are real. Civilizations are dynamic; they rise and fall; they
divide and merge. And, as any student of history knows, civilizations disappear
and are buried in the sands of time.
CIVILIZA TION IDENTITY will he increasingly important in the future, and the world
will be shaped in large measure by the interac- tions among seven or eight major
civilizations. These include Western, Confucian, Japanese, Islamic, Hindu, Slavic-
Orthodox, Latin American and possibly African civilization. The most impor- tant
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version