POL101Y1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Liberal Democracy, Good Governance, Totalitarianism

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Chapter 9
The Post Communist Divide
collapse of the soviet bloc has lead communist states to move in 2 directions
1) Central and Eastern Europe = liberal democracies
2) 12 states run by Russia = remained dictatorships without communism
15/16 of the west of the Berlin wall are democracies
9/12 post-Soviet states to the eat of the Berlin wall = authoritarian
this divide reflects deep historical and cultural legacies that make the post-
soviet states much less hopeful prospects to satisfy the EU’s membership
conditions of democracy, good governance and a rule of law
Liberal but troubled democracy
although central and eastern European countries are more democratic there
are still cynical about parties and political institutions involved in corruption
yet on a positive note there is a broad spectrum of electoral competition
so although free and fair elections are institutionalized, the parties that wage
them are not
The Post Communist state of play
under pressure from the EU accession process, courts have become more
independent and rule of law institutions have improved
however many distrust the courts
also low levels of trust are from economic pressures
Democratic Prospects after totalitarianism
the extent to which the stability of authoritarian rule in the post Soviet space
depends on authoritarian stability and support at the corner of the former
soviet union, in Russia itself
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Document Summary

Collapse of the soviet bloc has lead communist states to move in 2 directions. 1) central and eastern europe = liberal democracies. 2) 12 states run by russia = remained dictatorships without communism. 15/16 of the west of the berlin wall are democracies. Although central and eastern european countries are more democratic there are still cynical about parties and political institutions involved in corruption. Yet on a positive note there is a broad spectrum of electoral competition. So although free and fair elections are institutionalized, the parties that wage them are not. Under pressure from the eu accession process, courts have become more independent and rule of law institutions have improved. Also low levels of trust are from economic pressures.

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