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Chapter 6

POL101Y1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Party System


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
all
Chapter
6

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Chapter 6
The Regional influence
1) European lead
2) Internal Affairs of the Americas
3) African Disunity
4) Shared Colonial Heritage (British prestige)
Chapter 7
What sustains democracy
INDIA
why has democracy survived uninterrupted for over 60 years in such a poor
country
long struggle for independence lead to support for democracy
usually only seen in economically developed countries with a middle class,
but India proves that wrong
Political culture
- support from elite
- culture that appreciates debate
- healthy suspicion of authority
- intelligent distrust of its leadership to prevent corrupted power
- society of bargaining depends on compromise and leads to people respecting
one another
- pluralism
Civil Society
- tremendously rich civic life has been a major foundation of Indian
democratic persistence
- professional associations, trade unions, grassroots groups, Social
movements, independent media = vibrant society
- over a million NGOs in 2001
Political Management of Diversity
- good nature and quality of political institutions
- resilient political party system
- British style, first past the post, and single member territorial districts
- federalism (aids conflict management and checks positions of power and
widens access to power)
Accountability and rule of law
- people are assured that elected officials with be held to the same standards
as the people are and that violators will be punished
- citizens are equal under the law, no one is about the law, corruption is
minimized and punished, state authorities respect the rights of citizens and
citizen have effective access to the courts to defend their rights
- there has been a great degree of administrative integrity and competence in
the holding of elections ad the counting of votes for a poor country
- well functioning justice system
KEY : * INCRIMENTAL IMPROVEMENTS WAS THE KEY TO SUCCESS to raise hope
for a better like*
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