POL203Y1 Chapter Notes -The Federalist Papers

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11 Apr 2012
POL203Y1: U.S. Gov’t and Politics September 29th, 2011.
The Federalist Papers #42: The Powers Conferred by the Constitution
Further Considered
Federalist Paper #42
The power to tax and borrow money is also critical
The power to tax goods from other countries brings in a significant amount of
revenue to the gov’t
However, this amount of revenue will change as the population of America grows
and begins to manufacture its own goods
A nation that provides for its own needs does not import many items and this will
reduce the source of revenue from imposts
The power to establish relations w/ foreign powers is also placed in the central
If the United States is to be a nation in any way, it should certainly respect other
nations by providing for uniform and well-regulated foreign policies
The power to conduct foreign relations has been greatly improved because under
the Articles of Confederation, all foreign treaties were subject to approval by the
states and the Congress only would receive the highest class of foreign ministers,
the ambassadors, and ignore the consuls and diplomats that most frequently visit a
foreign nation
The Constitution improves upon the power of the central gov’t to punish piracies
and felonies on the high seas because the Articles did not specify how to deal w/
offenses against the laws of nations
The Constitution includes a clause that will stop the slave trade in 1808
This is a great advantage of the proposed plan of gov’t because such a barbaric
practice should not be part of a modern gov’t
Critics oppose this clause on 2 grounds: One, that the Constitution openly
tolerates an illicit practice and two, that it is included only to prevent emigrations
from Europe to America.
The power of the central gov’t to regulate the commerce between states is
necessary both to prevent abuses by states that levy imposts against neighboring
states, and to prevent smuggling and other forms of illegal trade in response to
high state-imposed tariffs
As well, the power of the central gov’t to regulate foreign commerce would be
ineffective w/out the power to regulate interstate commerce
There are many historical examples demonstrate the need of a supreme authority
to regulate the trade w/in states
Under the U.S. Constitution, the central gov’t gains the power to set the value of
both U.S. and foreign coin, thereby enhancing its previous power to simply coin
money and providing a uniform system of value
The rules of naturalization, previously left to independent states under the Articles
of Confederation, will become uniform
A citizen will no longer be able to gain citizenship in each state by gaining
citizenship in the most lenient state for naturalization
The central gov’t retains the right to establish uniform laws of bankruptcy because
those laws are critical to the regulation of commerce
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