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Political Science 208: Introduction to International Relations
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Chapter 6: LIBERALISM
Liberalism is the historic alternative to Realism
! 20th century influenced policy-making elites and public opinion
! Post WW1 ! Idealism
! Birth of UN led to resurgence of liberalism but died b/c of cold war
1990s there was New World Order among Western state leaders so liberalism came
back but 9/11 took it back to realism
Not very popular worldwide
Self-restrain, moderation, compromise and whereas international politics is
troubled or the state of war
Power politics is the product of ideas and ideas can change
Four main factors
! All citizens are judicially equal and posses certain basic rights
! Education, access to free press and freedom of religion
! The legislative assembly of the state possess only the authority the people give
it and it cant abuse the peoples rights
! The individual has the right to own property (including productive forces)
! The most effective economic system is one that is market driven
Conservatism says that its ok to sacrifice individual needs for community
Liberalism in international context
! The identity of the state determines its outward orientation
! Replace the individual by the state
! Certain rights such as right to non intervention on domestic affairs
! Domestic analogy ! extension of ideas which originated inside liberal states to
the international realm
! Just order
Agree with Realists that war is recurring feature of archaic state system (the
ordering principle of international politics according to Realism)
! However- liberalists dont city anarchy as cause of war
! Cite Imperialism, failure of balance of power & undemocratic regimes.
Collective security: each state in the system accepts that the security of one is the
concern of all and agrees to join in a collective response against aggression
! Alliance system
Commitment to freedom in the socioeconomic spheres leans to minimalist
intervention but want democratic political culture which requires intervention
CORE IDEAS IN LIBERAL THINKING ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Enlightenment: associated with radical thinkers of the 18th century
! Immanuel Kant & Jeremy Bentham
! Reacting to lawless state of savagery
! Elaborate plans for perpetual !
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Document Summary

Chapter 6: liberalism: liberalism is the historic alternative to realism. 20th century influenced policy-making elites and public opinion. all citizens are judicially equal and posses certain basic rights. education, access to free press and freedom of religion. the legislative assembly of the state possess only the authority the people give it and it can"t abuse the people"s rights. the individual has the right to own property (including productive forces) the most effective economic system is one that is market driven: conservatism says that it"s ok to sacrifice individual needs for community. the identity of the state determines its outward orientation. certain rights such as right to non intervention on domestic affairs. domestic analogy extension of ideas which originated inside liberal states to the international realm. just order: agree with realists that war is recurring feature of archaic state system (the ordering principle of international politics according to realism)

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