Chapter 21 Notes

42 views6 pages
Published on 5 Dec 2010
School
UTSG
Department
Political Science
Course
POL208Y1
Professor
Chapter 21: Terrorism and Globalization
Relationship b/w terrorism and globalization difficult to explain
! Technology created by globalization exploited by terrorists
! Improved ability to work together, share info, reach greater
audiences
! Terrorism ! weapon of the weak, rarely creates political change
Definitions
Terrorism is characterized by use of violence
State violence against citizens [during French Revolution]
Now the use of violence by small groups to achieve political change
! ‘Just-war tradition
! A just cause, proportional violence and use of force as a last resort
! Realists its illegitimate b/c of monopoly on the legitimate use
of political force
Discrepancies
! When the US invaded Iraq in 2003
! Did it satisfy condition of just war
! US policies toward terrorist detainees and extraordinary
renditions [handing over prisoners to countries where torture is
allowed] damages its credibility as a global champion for intl rights
and freedoms
An effort to achieve political change for a perceived wrong
! Weakest form of irregular warfare with which to alter the political
landscape
! Often lack broader support radical ideas
! Campaigns take decades to achieve meaningful results and the amount
and nature of force used is problematic
! Use of violence by sub-state groups to inspire fear by attacking
civilians and/or symbolic targets, for purposes such as drawing
widespread attention to a grievance, provoking a severe response,
or wearing down their opponents moral resolve, to effect political
change’
Technology enables the transportation of goods, services and information
! Quick and efficient
! Increasing interconnectedness and homogeneity in intl system
Terrorism: from Transnational to Global Phenomenon
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
In late 19th and early 20th they had little influence outside national
borders
Birth of transnational terrorism in 1968
! Expansion of commercial air travel
! Availability of televised news coverage
! Broad political and ideological interests among extremists that
intersected around a common cause
Airport control was non existent before
! Skyjacking suited them well
! Mobility and therefore security
! States willing to give in to save lives of passengers/property
! 5 in 1966 and 94 in 1969
Global terrorist network
! Relationships based on convenience, focusing on weapons, capabilities
and money to advance local political objectives
! Theater of terrorism ! raised awareness
Media coverage “the oxygen that sustains terrorism’’
! Lost interest in repeated performances over time
! New, spectacular attacks
! Cross a threshold of violence
! Acquire weapons of mass destruction
Iranian Islamic Revolution 1979
! Sympathy of Palestine, US symbols and people targeted
Decade of terrorism (1980-1990)
! Suicide bombings, hijackings,
! Trends
! Fewer attacks that were more deadly and indiscriminate
! Increasing sophistication of attacks
! Greater willingness to perform suicide attacks
Source of support disappeared after cold war
! Law enforcement and military forces more effective
! For Transnational Marxist-Leninist groups
Al Qaeda enabled by globalization was growing into global phenomenon
Terrorism: the impact of globalization
September 11, 2001
Al Qaeda- what is it?
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Chapter 21: terrorism and globalization: relationship b/w terrorism and globalization difficult to explain.  technology created by globalization exploited by terrorists.  improved ability to work together, share info, reach greater audiences.  terrorism  weapon of the weak, rarely creates political change. Definitions: terrorism is characterized by use of violence, state violence against citizens [during french revolution, now the use of violence by small groups to achieve political change.  a just cause, proportional violence and use of force as a last resort.  realists its illegitimate b/c of monopoly on the legitimate use of political force: discrepancies.  when the us invaded iraq in 2003.  did it satisfy condition of just war".  weakest form of irregular warfare with which to alter the political landscape.  campaigns take decades to achieve meaningful results and the amount and nature of force used is problematic.  increasing interconnectedness and homogeneity in int"l system.