Textbook Notes (378,778)
CA (167,301)
UTSG (10,979)
POL208Y1 (56)
Chapter 21

Chapter 21 Notes

6 Pages
94 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL208Y1
Professor
John Haines

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Chapter 21: Terrorism and Globalization
Relationship b/w terrorism and globalization difficult to explain
! Technology created by globalization exploited by terrorists
! Improved ability to work together, share info, reach greater
audiences
! Terrorism ! weapon of the weak, rarely creates political change
Definitions
Terrorism is characterized by use of violence
State violence against citizens [during French Revolution]
Now the use of violence by small groups to achieve political change
! ‘Just-war tradition
! A just cause, proportional violence and use of force as a last resort
! Realists its illegitimate b/c of monopoly on the legitimate use
of political force
Discrepancies
! When the US invaded Iraq in 2003
! Did it satisfy condition of just war
! US policies toward terrorist detainees and extraordinary
renditions [handing over prisoners to countries where torture is
allowed] damages its credibility as a global champion for intl rights
and freedoms
An effort to achieve political change for a perceived wrong
! Weakest form of irregular warfare with which to alter the political
landscape
! Often lack broader support radical ideas
! Campaigns take decades to achieve meaningful results and the amount
and nature of force used is problematic
! Use of violence by sub-state groups to inspire fear by attacking
civilians and/or symbolic targets, for purposes such as drawing
widespread attention to a grievance, provoking a severe response,
or wearing down their opponents moral resolve, to effect political
change’
Technology enables the transportation of goods, services and information
! Quick and efficient
! Increasing interconnectedness and homogeneity in intl system
Terrorism: from Transnational to Global Phenomenon
www.notesolution.com
In late 19th and early 20th they had little influence outside national
borders
Birth of transnational terrorism in 1968
! Expansion of commercial air travel
! Availability of televised news coverage
! Broad political and ideological interests among extremists that
intersected around a common cause
Airport control was non existent before
! Skyjacking suited them well
! Mobility and therefore security
! States willing to give in to save lives of passengers/property
! 5 in 1966 and 94 in 1969
Global terrorist network
! Relationships based on convenience, focusing on weapons, capabilities
and money to advance local political objectives
! Theater of terrorism ! raised awareness
Media coverage “the oxygen that sustains terrorism’’
! Lost interest in repeated performances over time
! New, spectacular attacks
! Cross a threshold of violence
! Acquire weapons of mass destruction
Iranian Islamic Revolution 1979
! Sympathy of Palestine, US symbols and people targeted
Decade of terrorism (1980-1990)
! Suicide bombings, hijackings,
! Trends
! Fewer attacks that were more deadly and indiscriminate
! Increasing sophistication of attacks
! Greater willingness to perform suicide attacks
Source of support disappeared after cold war
! Law enforcement and military forces more effective
! For Transnational Marxist-Leninist groups
Al Qaeda enabled by globalization was growing into global phenomenon
Terrorism: the impact of globalization
September 11, 2001
Al Qaeda- what is it?
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Chapter 21: Terrorism and Globalization Relationship bw terrorism and globalization difficult to explain Technology created by globalization exploited by terrorists Improved ability to work together, share info, reach greater audiences Terrorism weapon of the weak, rarely creates political change Definitions Terrorism is characterized by use of violence State violence against citizens [during French Revolution] Now the use of violence by small groups to achieve political change Just-war tradition A just cause, proportional violence and use of force as a last resort Realists its illegitimate bc of monopoly on the legitimate use of political force Discrepancies When the US invaded Iraq in 2003 Did it satisfy condition of just war US policies toward terrorist detainees and extraordinary renditions [handing over prisoners to countries where torture is allowed] damages its credibility as a global champion for intl rights and freedoms An effort to achieve political change for a perceived wrong Weakest form of irregular warfare with which to alter the political landscape Often lack broader support radical ideas Campaigns take decades to achieve meaningful results and the amount and nature of force used is problematic Use of violence by sub-state groups to inspire fear by attacking civilians andor symbolic targets, for purposes such as drawing widespread attention to a grievance, provoking a severe response, or wearing down their opponents moral resolve, to effect political change Technology enables the transportation of goods, services and information Quick and efficient Increasing interconnectedness and homogeneity in intl system Terrorism: from Transnational to Global Phenomenon www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit