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Chapter 9

How East Asians View Democracy-Chapter 9-China Democratic Values


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL215Y1
Professor
Lynette Ong
Chapter
9

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Ernie Tam
2011-11-07
How East Asians View Democracy-Chapter 9 China Democratic Values
support an Authoritarian System
For Most Chinese people, the system is already very democratic
The Chinese trusts their institutions more than most societies
This is due to three factors:
oRegime has been able to define democracy in their own terms, with
ideas of good government with deep roots in the nation’s historical
culture and roots in ideology of socialism.
oDraws support from the public’s perception that it is performing better
than previous regime in both the political realm (greater freedom and
accountability) and some aspects of the policy realm (economic
growth).
oPersisting norms of hierarchy and collectivism support trust in political
institutions esp. those at the national level where the citizens have less
direct contact with the government.
Spread of pro-democratic attitudes might not point towards the consolidation
of democracy.
Chinese definition of Democracy
After 1949, the Chinese Communist Regime indoctrinated the citizens of
socialist democracy
oWhere it serves the majority of the people while depriving those who
would exploit others or destabilizes the state.
oIt does not adopt Western political competition and democratic powers
b/c there would be the use of hoodwinking by Bourgeoisies.
There are a lot of “Don’t knows” in response to democratic institutions.
oRefusal to answer certain questions reveals that either the people
don’t have the necessary education to answer it or they fear the
response from Communist Party
oToo risky to share their own views
Chinese were also most likely to associate democracy with populism (by and
for the people)
o“people are masters of the country” and “authorities are here to listen
to people’s opinions”
This explains why the Chinese people are so trust of NATIONAL
governments and not local.
The Chinese also do not have a positive view on their own power to
participate within the political system.
Concept of democracy is very mixed. For example: Rule of lawObey and
disobey in times of emergency. Very contradictory.
Further movement toward democracy would mean the intensification of
current visible trends in the regime rather than a change in Regime type.
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