Chapter 24 Notes: Concert Diplomacy in the Group of 8
PD school: suggests that the summits provided a sensation of power without its reality while
Canadian attempts to inf luence even the agenda resulted in little success.
A second PD school suggests that G8 constrains Canada, it diverts Canada’s interests and
attention away from UN. America uses the G8 to have Canada adopt policies of free market
fundamentalism and corporate globalism.
LI school: emphasizes ineffectiveness of Canadian activity in the G8. Canada was able to get
issues on table but failed to inf luence summit outcomes or shape world order as a whole
CNR school: presents it as an institution for increasing Canadian inf luence in the world
Canada’s Diplomacy of Concert:
evidence suppor ts a far reaching argument. G8 effective centre of global governance that
enables principal power Canada to Canadianize the global order.
since 1975, the G8 has moved Canada from the old, UN-centered diplomacy of constraint to the
new g8 focused diplomacy of concert.
Causes of Canada’s Diplomacy of Concert:
our successful diplomacy of concert arises because G8 is emerging as an effective centre of
global governance, replacing old order provided by UN thus changing the way its members and
Canada’s relatively invulnerable position in G8 reinforces our major power presence, allowing
us to advance national interests and values. Canada acts increasingly as a leader and moves
between defensive and offensive forms of leadership
Overview of Canada’s G8 Summit Success:
success can be seen in our hosting record, objectives attained, compliance with commitments
and institutional contribution
success in hosting summits.
Canada has full top tier presence in every part of rapidly expanding g8 system. reinforced at
Canada an unusually act ive participant in both preparations for annual summit and discussions.
has increasingly shaped summit’s agenda, consistently pressing political-security, North-Sout h,
human rights, environment al and trade concerns. Broadly sought to broaden agenda,
transfor ming it from institution dealing with limited economic issues to forum for full global
Canada has had f luid coalition diplomacy,little sign of PD diplomacy of suppor ting US.
Canada has been neither supporter of US initiative nor mediator of Franco-American differences
but advocate of positions based on Canadian interests, and values.
tendency for Canada to combine with rising powers instead of histor ical partners/powers
through f luid partnerships Canada able to prevail.
g8 summit have secured public acclaim within Canada, have brought improved government
approval ratings, re-elections prospects, national unity and pr ide.