Foreign policy: the scope of involvement abroad and the collection of goals, strategies and instruments that are selected by governmental policymakers (cid:224) foreign policy process (formulation and implementation) Politics: competition between different individuals and groups for control of the government, and for support of the public and influence throughout society, in order to promote certain ends (cid:224) national interest. Truman to johnson, president and executive dominated. Now pres have greater opportunities but also greater risks in attempting to govern fp: government and policymaking process institutions, military, economic, intelligence. National security vs democracy: under cold war, natl sec gets preference, after vietnam democracy, dilemma persists today, natl sec after 9/11 again. Us vs. curtiss wright export corp, 1936: legitimized extraordinary rise of presidential power during the cold war: congressional grant of authority to the president to prevent sale of arms to belligerents, favoured national governmental and presidential supremacy in foreign policy.