Linz and holowitz arguments on parliamentary and presidential regimes summary

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

Linz and holowitz arguments: The main reasons for believing that presidentialism is less conducive to democracy are; the dual legitimacy of legislatures and presidents, the rigidity of the presidential term, the potential accountability issues, the potential issues with no re-election clauses and the winner take all, zero sum nature of presidential elections. However there are a number of caveats to this argument. The structure of the state (federal or unitary), the political culture, the degree of ethnic divisions and the historical context are variable factors that can affect institutional design. Horowitz strongly disagrees with Linz and quotes evidence of parliamentary failure in Africa and presidential success in Nigeria and Sri Lanka. (Horowitz, 1990) However Linz is insupport not of majoritarian parliaments (which arguably led to a rise of authoritarianism in certain African countries) but multi party consensus basedparliaments, and the presidential successes referred to by Horowitz are highlycontested. one of the first problems with presidential regimes: That the popularly elected president and popularly elected legislature (often called a congress) can have legitimacy issues. Both the executive and the legislature have democratic legitimacy, when disagreement results who is more representative of the populous? Both have a democratically elected mandate and consequently disagreement can lead to stalemate. In countries with social or political divides presidentialism is argued to have a negative effect on democratic procedure.(Linz, 1994, p. 9) In other systems the legislature and executive are fused and no such stalemates can occur as a vote of no confidence will remove the executive The fixed term in presidential systems creates problems. By the end of their tenure as president they encounter a variety of issues ranging from loss of par
More Less

Related notes for POL101Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.