Locke_s Second Treatise Notes.pdf

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Political Science
Janice Stein

241110 255 PM STUDY QUESTIONS FOR THE LECTURE OF NOVEMBER 191 Locke insists at Chapter 2 section 19 that here we have the plain difference between the State of Nature and the State of War which however some men have confounded are as far distant as a State of Peace Good Will Mutual Assistance and Preservation and a State of Enmity Malice Violence and Mutual Destruction are from one another Take that HobbesBut just how far distant do those two states prove to beLocke doesnt only free the church of the state but also he frees the state from the church The church wont be able to enforce their teaching Locke comes around to massage hobbes positionmaybe ppl are not motivated on rationalreasonLocke is trying to appeal more to ideal self understanding Because of this recognition of locke that hobbes project framed the way it was fails so miserably Locke uses a v different discourse he make many different questions He prevents the state of nature as idyllic hat defines the state of nature for LockeWall are equal no one man is above another In this state of nature he wants to grant us our natural capacities the only things thats missing from the state of nature is a higher legal authority and an impartial judge But where force is used without right the stateaggresses into a state of war because our first priority Is self preservation These laws of natureshould be intelligible to all health property men are often ignorant of this law this whole qualification of want to studying it This means there is something in our nature that we dont choose to study this Locke sayswe want to think we are rational beings that the way to persuade ppl rationally is not to expose the raw truth at the bottom of thingsIts more compelling for us to accept that one is hostile instead of us all Locke is more concerned to make his argument look more generous wrt to human nature which makes him more clever Founder of American liberal democracy he is persuasivePpl dont always accept pure reason 2 At Chapter 5 section 31 Locke affirms that God has given us all things richly Does the chapter as a whole confirm this assurance of divine generositywwwnotesolutioncomMOST IMPORTANT CHAPTER November 25 2009HOBBES SHOULD HAVE REJECTED HIS PROPOSED SOLUTION IN FAVOR OF LOCKES GOD HAS GIVEN US THE WORLD IN POTENTIAL BUT LESS IN ACTUALITYPlenty of nothing is what god gave us Lobor is defeated by spoilage since everything useful in life is perishable we need no more than to fullfil of our immediate need Well continue to live hand to mouth so the earth lie to waste And human live within misery The problem state of nature poses in eco terms sec46 charity might raise a surplus in order to give it t our neighbour the good of others is a not a good way of economic developmentwhile its true mcdonald owner gave away free big mac but as a marketingdeal Barter trading perishable plums for perishable nuts But the crucial moment of it is money which keeps forever wo spoiling and provides increase in human enlrgement of possesions We dont trust in god only in cash n those who pays it Money is the great human human invention not owed to god god gives us gold silver diamond we ccant eat they wont keepus warm Man has invested everything with value Now land has a value and every last patch has been takenSec41 to agree to the I ntro of mioney is to agree to inequality but everyone is better off than they would be in the state of nature To cultivate land benefits everybody Money is the greatest invention because money harnesses our interest in ourselves to the interests of others The boundlessness of the quisitiveness of lockits not where your going but where youre coming fromWith anarchy and poverty the further away from it the better The more we contribute to the human race we benefit everyone but more ourselves Political economiccomfort to the restlessness of anxiety to get away from the state of nature and anarchyLtd Govern and united acquisition for which Locke is the political founder If you want constant progress move away from state of nature move towards economic stability keep it pass it onin only provides the best infinites incentive to move on the human race Everyone is better off in the civil society than theyd be in the state of nature The effect of civil society is to make it necessary to work and benefit from the market system Locke is the great founder of liberal tolerationThose who refuse the opportunity to make honest gain by working thatsis a behavior to be discouraged The fundamental of human problem is anarchy and misery of our life Locke is strongly in favor of progress greater security and the key to all is labor Limited gov to provide securityThe starting position in the state of nature is equality and abundance from God God is taking care of everything We should all just get along cz there is enough for everyone to have out there Common resources are useless unless mixed with labor and industry Abundance isnt wwwnotesolutioncom
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