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Chapter 6

Chapter 6 Notes

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Political Science
John Haines

Political Science 208: Introduction to International Relations Chapter 6: LIBERALISM Liberalism is the historic alternative to Realism th 20 century influenced policy-making elites and public opinion Post WW1 Idealism Birth of UN led to resurgence of liberalism but died bc of cold war 1990s there was New World Order among Western state leaders so liberalism came back but 911 took it back to realism Not very popular worldwide Self-restrain, moderation, compromise and whereas international politics is troubled or the state of war Power politics is the product of ideas and ideas can change Four main factors All citizens are judicially equal and posses certain basic rights Education, access to free press and freedom of religion The legislative assembly of the state possess only the authority the people give it and it cant abuse the peoples rights The individual has the right to own property (including productive forces) The most effective economic system is one that is market driven Conservatism says that its ok to sacrifice individual needs for community Liberalism in international context The identity of the state determines its outward orientation Replace the individual by the state Certain rights such as right to non intervention on domestic affairs Domestic analogy extension of ideas which originated inside liberal states to the international realm Just order Agree with Realists that war is recurring feature of archaic state system (the ordering principle of international politics according to Realism) However- liberalists dont city anarchy as cause of war Cite Imperialism, failure of balance of power & undemocratic regimes. Collective security: each state in the system accepts that the security of one is the concern of all and agrees to join in a collective response against aggression Alliance system Commitment to freedom in the socioeconomic spheres leans to minimalist intervention but want democratic political culture which requires intervention CORE IDEAS IN LIBERAL THINKING ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Enlightenment: associated with radical thinkers of the 18 thcentury Immanuel Kant & Jeremy Bentham Reacting to lawless state of savagery Elaborate plans for perpetual www.notesolution.com
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