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POL208Y1 (35)
Chapter 21

Chapter 21 Notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
John Haines

Chapter 21: Terrorism and Globalization Relationship bw terrorism and globalization difficult to explain Technology created by globalization exploited by terrorists Improved ability to work together, share info, reach greater audiences Terrorism weapon of the weak, rarely creates political change Definitions Terrorism is characterized by use of violence State violence against citizens [during French Revolution] Now the use of violence by small groups to achieve political change Just-war tradition A just cause, proportional violence and use of force as a last resort Realists its illegitimate bc of monopoly on the legitimate use of political force Discrepancies When the US invaded Iraq in 2003 Did it satisfy condition of just war US policies toward terrorist detainees and extraordinary renditions [handing over prisoners to countries where torture is allowed] damages its credibility as a global champion for intl rights and freedoms An effort to achieve political change for a perceived wrong Weakest form of irregular warfare with which to alter the political landscape Often lack broader support radical ideas Campaigns take decades to achieve meaningful results and the amount and nature of force used is problematic Use of violence by sub-state groups to inspire fear by attacking civilians andor symbolic targets, for purposes such as drawing widespread attention to a grievance, provoking a severe response, or wearing down their opponents moral resolve, to effect political change Technology enables the transportation of goods, services and information Quick and efficient Increasing interconnectedness and homogeneity in intl system Terrorism: from Transnational to Global Phenomenon www.notesolution.com
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