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POL214Y1 (24)
Chapter 7

Chapter 7: Federalism

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Political Science
Victoria Wohl

CHAPTER 7- FEDERALISM What is Federalism? - The constitutional authority to make laws and to tax is divided between a national government and some number of regional governments - Citizens in a federal state are members of two political communities 1. National 2. Coinciding with the boundaries of the province, state, canton - Federalism legal term existence based on constitution The Origins, Maintenance, and Demise of Federal States - Circumstances that lead to the adoption of a federal political system? 1. Consensus of Regions !L0770%7:0,:L9L8,3,990259941L3,7,9L43,O.425742L80 between the divergent interest groups which history has thrown 94J09K07-:9L9L8,.425742L80-,80439K0ZLOO419K05045O0 2. Sustained by a sense of political nationality The existence of a national government and the idea of national citizenship can be centralizing factors that offset the decentralizing pull of regional interests Sense of political community that transcends regional, ethnic, and linguistic identifications. The Origins of Canadian Federalism - Most Anglophone Fathers of Confederation favored a unitary system, however they were opposed by two groups 1. French- Canadian representatives of Canada East- Quebec 2. Maritime politicians - Agreement the founders reached gave what then were the most important legislative powers and sources of public revenue to the federal government o Ottawa was given authority over trade and commerce, shipping, fisheries, inter-provincial transportation, currency and banking, the postal service, and several other subjects related to managing the economy o Responsibility for immigration and agriculture was divided between the federal and provincial governments %4J09K079K08054Z078,550,7094089,-OL8K 99,Z,8.O0,78:507L47L94;07 the provinces in economic matters - Sections 55,56 and 90 of CA, 1867 give provincial lieutenant- governors, appointees of Ottawa, the authority to reserve approval from any Act passed by a provincial legislature for a period of up to one year. - The argument most frequently made about CAN federalism it represents a compact between French and English Canada or a contract among provinces that agreed to give up certain powers to a new national government of their creation. The Federal Division of Powers - Both levels of government exercise wide-ranging legislative and taxation powers www.notesolution.com
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