Chapter 3-Looking at the Sun-The American Years
• The occupation of Japan by Americans showed that factories were not
• Meji Era was when centuries of Japanese isolation finally ended
whereas the occupation marked the great bitterness of the Japanese.
• The Japanese were surprisingly accepting of the occupation and were
“gracious losers” ready to work and rebuild the country.
o In August 1945, Japanese women/citizens were ready to kill the
invading Americans by any means possible
o By August 1950, more than 2/3 of Japanese embraced Americans
and hated the Soviets.
• John Welfield “Washington became on a grander scale what
Chang’an had been for the aristocrats of the Heian era-The middle
Kingdom, the pinnacle of power and refinement, the leader whose
wishes must be accommodated and whose achievements must be
studied with care. “
• There was land reform in Japan, where feudalism was abolished. Land
held by rich barons were soon divided up and given to citizens.
• There will no longer be a military for air, land, or sea by Japan nor will
there be any policy for striking back (Article IX)
• Big brother/little brother relationship with the United States
o American wealth was needed such that the US is able to fund its
own military to protect Japan
America’s Changed View of Japan
• There were several arguments as to wh