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Chapter 12

PSY100H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Abraham Maslow, Eleanor Roosevelt, Unconscious Mind


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht
Chapter
12

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Psychology Module 12.3
Have you ever wondered are you living your life as well as you possibly could? Are you
the ost epoeed iat self ou ould possil. If ou’e eig hoest your
ases poal o. Aaha Maslo hat’s fasiated  uestios like these. He
was inspired by the potential he believes that human beings possess to Become fully
developed for self actualized. In striking contrast to much of the cynicism of the 20th
Cetu, Maste I’ll eliee that although e hae the apait was for a great evil at the
very foundation of our beings was inherently good. He argued that the more we open
ourselves to our inherent goodness the more we will see reality clearly, rather than
through our biases the more we will be empowered and be able to confront life
courageously rather than shrinking from challenges because of her insecurities. And the
more we can focus on helping others rather than tending to our own needs and wants.
The end result of pursuing personal growth is to be fully vibrantly alive
Maslow thought it was possible to live. He studied the biographies of people to be self
actualized. People like Abraham Lincoln, Albert Einstein and Eleanor Roosevelt . Despite
this rather on scientific approach to studying from revealed a host of characteristic that
seemed universal among the self actualized including the following:
- They are attuned to reality as it is rather than engaging in wishful thinking or filtering
their experiences through their wants and needs
- rather than bowing to social pressures or fearing the judgment of others, they strive
to be authentic to present their true self to the world
- they tend to be spontaneous and creative responding freely and naturally to their
circumstances
- they ground their awareness firmly in the present moment not dwelling on the
password dreaming of a brighter future for themselves
- they possess a profound capacity for gratitude, appreciation and wonder taking great
delight in the world around them
- the experience a strong, universal sense of connection and empathy for all humanity
- the feuetl see to hae Peak epeieesmoment of ecstasy, wonder, awe
ad feelig oe ith the uiese
Maslow hoped people learn to cultivate the policies within themselves. His optimistic
vision of human nature was a major break through in psychology at that time which was
dominated by behaviorism and Freud in psychoanalysis. Behaviorist did not associate
personality as a concept they found it unnecessary, because behavior was merely the
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2
result of a complex accumulation of avoiding punishments that had been conditioned
into the person over the course of her lifetime.
Sigmund Freud does not get much respect in a society today. Many of these theories
have not stood the test of time and now are largely ignored theories are even regard it
as ridiculous but most people example is the Oedipus complex. He is said to be a tyrant
in some ways allowing his followers little freedom to send from his dissent he has been
critiqued as having an obsession with sex have created unfeasible therefore on un
scientific theories.
Despite the criticism Sigmund Freud one of the most influential psychologists in history
fried was a pioneer in the study of personality and the treatment of psychological
disorders and many of his ideas about human consciousness continue to resonate with
many psychologists in a while accept it and use in contemporary society. What a drug
addict admits to being in denial of his addiction and abuse survivor talks about how she
has epessed he eo ad feeligs fo a eas o soeoe euses ou'e
pojetig ou age o to othe people ou’e hakeig ak to Feud.
The psychodynamic perspective: a universal assumption of the psychodynamic theory is
that personality and behavior are shaped by powerful forces in consciousness a great
deal of which is hidden from our awareness and the mysterious unconscious. By
emphasizing unconscious Freud put into doubt many other common feelings and
beliefs.
Eaple of this ould e if ou’e like e ae i otol of ouseles ad ou ehaio
reflects conscious choices that we make. we believe we know why we do things that we
do, that our behavior makes sense to us we also like to believe that when we do
something embarrassing, immoral or just plain stupid that we were somehow out-of-
otol o that it as a istake.
From a psychodynamic active however there are no mistakes and we have very little
otol oe ouseles I’ eakably little insight into the reasons for our own
behavior. Everything we think, feel and do result from psychological dynamic that are so
deeply buried in an unconscious that we have no direct access to them: our mind a
lak o to ouseles.
Unconscious processes and psychodynamics: Freud grounded his theories on model
consciousness that distinguish between different levels of mental life, most importantly
between the conscious mind and unconscious. The conscious mind is your current
awareness containing everything you are aware of right now. The unconscious mind is
a much more vast and powerful but inaccessible part of your conscious endorsement or
will to influence and guide your behavior.
The unconscious mind houses your full lifetime of memories and experiences including
those that you can no longer bring into conscious awareness such as emotional patterns
that we created in our early childhood or even in infancy. It also contains your
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3
preference and desires thus powerfully influencing your motivations but usually so
subtly that you are not even aware of it. The relationship between these two levels of
consciousness is often described using an iceberg metaphor of consciousness. With
icebergs the part you can see above the surface is a small fraction of the entire iceberg
while most of its bulk lurks beneath the surface; similarly, the conscious mind is a small
fraction of the entire psyche, while most of this psyche lurks beneath the surface of
awareness in the depth of our unconscious
Because the unconscious is fairly inaccessible to consciousness and is much more
powerful than the conscious mind it is the primary driver of our behaviors. Even
seemingly trivial behavior is such a slip of the tongue reflect the working memory called
Feudia slips ae e useful to the oseat peso eause the offe glipse ito
the peso’s ofte iaessile okig of the uosious. Whe people ake a
Freudian slip their conscious mind intend to say something appropriate the
iustaes, ut thei uosious id leads the to sa hat the ee eall
thikig. Feud elieed feetl i the alue of the pshopathologies of eeda
life ad deeloped seeal tehiues that pshoaalsts ould eplo to use these
small hints to gain access into netherworld of the unconscious. These techniques were
necessary because understanding the relation between the conscious and the
unconscious mind was thought to give important insights into human personality.
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