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Chapter 16

PSY100H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 16: Clinical Psychology, Community Psychology, Deinstitutionalisation

Course Code
Michael Inzlicht

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Treating Psychological Disorders 12/3/2015 11:30:00 PM
in general, women participate in therapy more often than men as
well as people between the age is 35-55
therapy is much more popular choice for Canadians/americans in
comparison to many other countries ex. Hungary, japan, and Israel
Barriers to Psychological Treatment:
approximately 2/3 of people with mental health issues do not seek
help and of the 1/3 that does about half of them significantly delay
doing so after becoming aware of the issue
very hard for people to have a clear line of mentally healthy and
people generally do not want to see themselves as mentally ill so
they try to minimize their symptoms, tricking themselves and
others into believing they are better than they are
o want to avoid the scrutiny, the negative stigma, fear they
might embarrass themselves or their family, don’t trust
mental health professions
gender roles can play a huge role as well, in countries with strong
gender norms men feel the extra pressure to “be strong” and
independent which does not promote talking about emotions and
acknowledging vulnerabilities
money has a huge influence on the kinds of treatments available for
most people since health-care coverage in Canada generally only
includes treatment by psychiatrists leaving counselors,
psychologists, ect. out of reach to people who can’t afford their
o this leads to most money going to medically-based
to overcome this economical barrier some organizations have put
offices in lower income areas where private psychotherapists would
be scarce and some community mental health centers provide
therapy on a sliding scale (cost of the session varies depending on
the patients income)
Mental Health Providers and Settings:
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type of treatment depends on:
o age
o type/severity of disorder
o legal issues/ any concerns coinciding with the needs for
clinical psychologist have received a PhD, are able to formally
diagnose and treat mental health issue ranging from the everyday
and mild to the chronic and severe
counseling psychologists mental health professionals who typical
work with people needing help with more common problems ex.
stress, mild forms of depression/anxiety, coping; have at least a
psychiatrists medical doctors who specialize in mental health and
who are allowed to diagnose/treat mental disorders through
prescribing medications
o psychiatrists are more common in treating relatively severe
deinstitutionalization mental health patients were released back
into their communities, generally after having their symptoms
alleviated through medication
inpatient treatment has moved from trying to remove the mentally
ill from society to trying to protect the individual from harm and
providing as quick a return to society as possible
residential treatment centers housing facilities in which residents
receive psychological therapy and life skills training, with the
explicit goal of helping residents become re-integrated into society
as well as they can
o mediumhigh level security have the same main goal just
with restrictions placed on individuals freedom ex. security
system and barriers to prevent them leaving
o tends to be for people who have a violent history of behavior
community psychology focuses on identifying how individuals
mental health is influenced by the neighborhood, economics, and
community resources, social groups, and other community0based
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Evaluating Treatments:
empirically supported treatments aka evidence-based therapies;
treatments that have been tested and evaluated
much of the effectiveness of therapy comes from the therapeutic
alliance that forms
bibliotherapy the use of self-help books and other reading
materials as a form of therapy
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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