Chapter 1 Review Notes from Psychological Science

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9 Oct 2010
PSY100 t midterm: review
Chapter 1:
Key terms:
Psychological Science: study of mind, brain and behaviour;
Mind: mental activity such as thoughts and feelings
³7KHPLQGLVZKDWWKHEUDLQGRHV´± physical brain that enables mind
Behaviour: wide variety of actions
Neurotransmitters: brain works through actions of chemicals known as neurotransmitters-
communicate messages between nerve cells
Human Genome: basic genetic code for human body
Mind is adaptive ±
Evolutionary theory: emphasizes the inherited adaptive value of behaviour and mental activity
throughout the entire history of a species
their particular environment have a selective advantage oveUWKRVHZKRGRW
Adaptations: physical characteristics, skills or abilities that increase the chances of reproduction
or survival
e.g., child has a sense of height
Culture: beliefs, values, rules and customs that exist within a group of people who share a
common language and environment and that are transmitted through learning from one
generation to the next ± Cultural Revolution, humans are dependent on other humans from birth
Nature Nurture: arguments concerning whether psychological characteristics are biologically
innate or acquired through education, experience, and culture.
Mind-Body problem: psychological issue that considers whether mind and body are separate
and distinct or whether the mind is simply the subjective experience of the physical brain.
Introspection (Wundt): systematic examination of subjective mental experiences that requires
people to inspect and report on the content of their thoughts
Structuralism (Titchener): an approach to psychology based on idea that conscious experience
can be broken down into its basic underlying components or elements
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