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Chapter 1

PSY100H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: General Paresis Of The Insane, Paresis, Trepanning


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Konstantine Zakzanis
Chapter
1

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Chapter One
Psychopathology: field concerned with the nature and development of abnormal behaviour,
thoughts and feelings
Abnormality is usually determined by the presence of several characteristics at one time.
Abnormal Behaviour: characteristics as statistical infrequency, violation of norms, personal
distress, disability and unexpectedness
Behaviour is abnormal if it creates great distress and torment in the person
experiencing it
Disability can be the impairment in some important area of life (work or personal
relationships
Abnormal/unexpected responses to environmental stressors
(anxiety disorder is diagnosed when the anxiety is unexpecfted and out of
proportion to the situation; as person who is well off constantly worries about
their financial situation)
Normal Curve: (statistical Infrequency) places the majority of people in the middle as far as
any particular characteristic is concerned; very few people fall at either extremes. (figure 1.1
on page 3)
Statistical infrequency is used explicitly in diagnosing mental retardation
Demonology: the doctrine that an evil being, such as the devil may dwell within a person
and control his or her mind and body. Bad spirits possessing the person
Records of this in early Chinese, Egyptians, Babylonians and Greeks
Exorcism: treatment; the casting out of evil spirits by ritualistic chanting or torture
Trepanning: the making of a surgical opening in the living skull by some instrument
Introduced into the Americas from Siberia
Practice was most common in Peru and Bolivia
Kidd suggested that trepannings were done to relieve pressure resulting from
depressed fractures caused by war clubs
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