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PSY100H1 Chapter Notes -Social Learning Theory, Psy, Classical Conditioning

Course Code
Mark Schmuckler

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Developmental PSY Lec 01
The central controversy in child development: nature (heredity, genes) vs nurture (environment,
learning, experience)
Plato mind-body problem
- Souls exist in the “realm of ideas” enters the body with Innate ideas: pre-existing knowledge
- Trapped inside a body until death
Rene Decarte 1. Mind and body are separate, 2. Division of human behaviour into 2 realms
(psychological functioning and physical workings of body)
3. First modern philosopher to accept a nativistic conception of development
- Cartesian Duality: mind independent of body
John Locke
- Knowledge gained through experiences (REJECTED concept of INNATE IDEAS)
- First major philosophical statement emphasizing “nurture” of environment
- Mind of infant as Tabula Rasa
John- Jacques Rousseau
- Child born with innate ideas and knowledge that unfolds naturally with age
- Knowledge also acquired through interactions with world, guided by child’s own interest
- Child as “noble savage”
Charles Darwin
- Survival of the fittest
- Behaviour has survival values as well
G. Stanley Hall
- adopted at nature viewpoint translated darwin’s view into human development
- proposed Recapitulationist Theory: life cycle changes are a repetition of evolutionary changes
John Watson (Behaviourism)
- Biological factors placed no restrictions on the ways that the environment can shape the course
of child’s development (by organizing environment genius/criminal)
- Learning is a process of combining stimuli with responses under lawful and empirical conditions
- Development = result of learning
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