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11 Dec 2010
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Chapter 1
brain imaging: assessing changes in metabolic activity in brain
functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI): detect amygdala
(involved in detecting threat [ә'milә] 
implicit attitudes test (IAT): indirectly assess how people associate
positive and negative words with certain groups of people
1.The goal of psychology: understand people by considering both
individual factors and contextual factors
2.The ultimate ambition of psychologists: to explain effectively the
most important human behaviors in real-life contexts
3.Psychological science is the study of mind, brain and behavior
Mind: mental activity; thoughts and feelings
Brain: physical foundation
4. four themes of psychological science
a.research on mind, brain and behavior has accumulated over time
to produce principles of psychological science
b.a new biological revolution deepens understanding of human
mind and behavior (brain chemistry and genetic process, assess
brain in action
*neurotransmitter: communicate msgs btw nerve cells
c.mind is adaptive, shaped by evolution
*evolutionary theory: emphasize the inherited, adaptive value of
behavior and mental activity throughout the entire history
3 aspects:
solving adaptive problem (many behaviors are adaptive solutions to
recurring human problems, eg. Fear of height);
modern minds in stone age skulls (adaptive hehavior for homo
sapiens, but misadaptive to modern human beings; current behaviors can
be considered as by-products of adaptive solutions)
culture provide adaptive solution (arise due to the complexity of
living in groups; beliefs, values, rules and customs and pass through
generations)
d.psychological science crosses levels of analysis: social (cultureal,
interpersonal); individual (individual differences, perception and
cognition, behavior); biological
*serotonin  : relevant to mood
*amusia: a condition which people lose the ability to
recognize familiar tunes; there are specific regions to
process music
5.nature-nurture debate: many psychologists now believe mental
disorder is a mix of nature and nurture factors
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

*neurotransmitter: communicate msgs btw nerve cells: mind is adaptive, shaped by evolution. *evolutionary theory: emphasize the inherited, adaptive value of behavior and mental activity throughout the entire history. *amusia: a condition which people lose the ability to recognize familiar tunes; there are specific regions to process music. : relevant to mood: nature-nurture debate: many psychologists now believe mental disorder is a mix of nature and nurture factors www. notesolution. com (cid:0) (cid:0) (cid:0) (cid:0, mind-body problem: whether mind and body are separate. Leoanrdo da vinci: dissection, all sensory messages arrive at the middle region of the brain common sense. 10. gestalt theory (max wertheimer): the whole is different from the sum of parts rely on the observations of ordinary people the mind perceive the world in an organized way that cannot be broken down into its constituent elements. 13. cognitive psychology: concerned with higher-order mental functions join forces with neuroscientists, computer scientists and philosophers cognitive neuroscience www. notesolution. com.

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