begining of chapter 1 notes

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12 Dec 2010
School
Department
Course
Psychology Chapter 1
Important Terms and Concepts
Principles of Psychology
1.Knowledge if cumulative over time.
2.Biological revolution energized research knowledge of neurochemistry
of mental disorders, mapping of the human genome and brain imaging.
3. Influenced by the thought that the brain evolved to solve adaptive
problems evolutionary theory
4.Focus in understanding brain, mind and behavior through different
levels of analysis.
Nature-nurture Debate argument concerning whether psychological
characteristics are biologically innate or acquired through education,
experience, and culture.
Mind-body debate a fundamental psychological issue that considers
whether mind and body are separate and distinct or whether the mind is
simply the subjective experience of the physical brain.
Dualism the philosophical idea that the mind exists separately from the
physical body.
In 1843 John Stuart Mill published System of Logic saying that
psychology should be practiced as a science.
Introspection - a systematic examination of subjective mental experiences
that requires people to insect and report on the content of their thoughts.
Ex. Describing the blueness of the sky.
Structuralism approach to psych. Based on the idea that conscious
experience can be broken down into its basic underlying components or
elements.
Stream of consciousness a phrase coined y William James to describe
ones continuous series of ever-changing thoughts.
Functionalism an approach to psych concerned with the adaptive
purpose, or function of mind and behavior. according to this, the mind
came into existence over the course of human evolution.
Gestalt Theory based on the ideas that the whole of personal
experiences is different from simply the sum of its constituent elements.
oArose in opposition to structuralism the whole is diff. form the
some of its parts. the perception of objects is subjective and based
on its context.
Unconscious identifies mental processes that operate below the level of
conscious awareness.
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