Chapter 14

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13 Dec 2010
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TREATING MENTAL DISORDERS OF MIND AND BODY
HOW IS MENTAL ILLNESS TREATED?
(-Psychotherapy is the name given to formal psychological treatment
-Biological therapy is treatment based the medical approach to illness and disease)
Psychotherapy is based on psychological principles
Psychodynamic therapy focuses on insight
psychotherapy is generally aimed at changing patters of thought or behavior, though
the ways in which such changes are effected candiffer dramatically. There is over 400
approaches to this treatment. Today, many practitioners use eclectic mix of
techniques based on what they believe is best for the clients particular condition.
Psychodynamic therapy focuses on insight: Sigmund Freud was one of the first to
develop psychological treatments. He believed mental disorders were caused by prior
traumatic experiences.
Josef Breur developed the method of psychoanalysis where the patient lay on a
couch with the therapist sitting out of view in order to reduce the patients
inhibitions and allow freer access to the unconscious thought process.
Theres two types of psychoanalysis, free association where the patient says whatever
comes to mind and dream analysis, where the therapist interprets the hidden
meaning of dreams.
The point of all this is to make the patient more aware of their unconscious processes
and how they affect daily functioning, and with this insight, the patients are freed
from their unconscious influences and the symptoms seem to disappear.
Recently though, the couch was replaced with a chair. However, there are controversies
behind this:
www.notesolution.com
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