i.e. if asked to rank someone’s overall life satisfaction,
they’ll answer will reflect the mood they’re currently in,
instead of evaluating their actual life.
oSomatic marker theory- most self- regulatory actions and
decisions are effected by the bodily reactions, called somatic
markers, that arise from contemplating their outcomes. “gut
oPeople with damaged frontal lobes tend not to draw on past
experiences to regulate future behavior.
•Emotion Capture Attention
oThere is an attentional bias for encoding affective stimuli
Words that are emotionally arousing (“anger”) are more
difficult to override than are neutral words (“pencil”),
oAttentional blink occurs because attention was focused on the
first word, and there is a temporary impairment in processing
subsequent words, unless the second word has emotional
attachment, like rape. In that case, the emotional content of the
word captures the attention and reduces the attentional blink.
•Emotions Aid Memory
oImportant, clear personal memories are typically those that
were highly emotional.
oNorepinephrine enhances memory for emotional events
•Emotions Strengthen Interpersonal Relations
oSurvival is enhanced for those who live in groups- therefore
expulsion and rejection is dangerous and feared.
oAnxiety serves as an alarm function that motivates people to
behave according to group norms.
•Guilt Strengthens Social Bonds
oPrototypical guilt occurs when someone feels responsibility for
another person’s negative affective state. Occasionally it can
arise even when individuals do not feel personally responsible-
oGuilt can be used as a manipulation strategy (make your boss
feel guilty so you don’t have to work overtime)
•Socialization is Crucial for Interpersonal Emotions
oSocialization is more important than biology for the manner in
which children experience guilt and other moral emotions
oWhen faced with the possibility of a sexual rival, a person feels
jealousy as a sign of commitment to the relationship… but it has