PSY100H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Prefrontal Cortex, Orgasm, Thalamus

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1 Dec 2014
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PSY100H1 Full Course Notes
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PSY100H1 Full Course Notes
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Motivation: factors that energize, direct, or sustain behaviour. > motivational states guide behaviours toward satisfying specific goals and needs. Need: state of biological or social deficiency -> leads to goal-directed behaviours. Need hierarchy: maslow"s (1940s) arrangement of needs, in which basic survival needs must be met before people can satisfy higher needs -> humanistic psych (viewing people as striving toward personal fulfillment) Maslow believed that personal growth can only be experienced after their biological needs are satisfied. Self-actualization: a state that is achieved when one"s personal dreams and aspirations have been attained. Living to full potential, achieving personal dreams and aspirations. People starve themselves in hunger strikes to demonstrate the importance of their personal beliefs) > arousal: physiological activation, such as increased brain activity, autonomic responses, sweating, or muscle tension. > drive: physiological state that motivates an organism to satisfy its needs. > homeostasis: tendency for bodily functions to maintain equilibrium -> cannon (1920s)

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