Get some sleep
Scientist have not yet agree on the number of human memory systems
Explicit Memory- The processes involved when people remember specific
information. (Processes of memory) ie What you had for dinner last night
Two Types include Episodic Memory and Semantic Memory
Declarative Memory- Cognitive information retrieved from explicit memory;
knowledge that can be declared. (Content of Memory)
Episodic Memory- Memory for one’s personal past experience.
Semantic Memory- Memory for knowledge about the world. ie. Know the capital of
other countries that you never visited.
Implicit Memory- The process by which people show an enhancement of memory,
most often through behaviour, without deliberate effort and without any awareness
that they are remembering anything. ie Classical conditioning
Procedural memory (motor memory)- A type of implicit memory that involves
motor skills and behavioural habits Automatic, unconscious aspect. ie Advertisers use
implicit memory to get customers.
False Fame effect- Assume someone is famous cause you heard of the name before.
Repetition Priming- The improvement in identifying or processing a stimulus that
has previously been experienced.
Long Term Memory is a Temporal Sequence
Memory can be divided temporally into three processes; encoding, storage, and
Encoding- The processing of information so that it can be stored.
Storage- The retention of encoded representation over time that corresponds to some
change in the nervous system that registers the event.
Retrieval- The act of recalling or remembering stored information in order to use it
(involves both implicit and explicit memory system)
Long term memory is based on meanings
Crank and Lockhart proposed that different types of rehearsal lead to differential
Maintenance Rehearsal- A type of encoding that involves continually repeating an
Elaborative Rehearsal- The encoding of information in a more meaningful fashion,
such as linking it to knowledge in long term memory.