PSY100H1 Chapter Notes -Observer-Expectancy Effect, Electroencephalography, Group Dynamics

15 views4 pages
4 Apr 2012
Psychologist seek to understand how people perceive, think, and act.
Psychological science-study of mind, brain and behavior.
Mind-mental activity
Behavior-a wide variety of actions, from the subtle to the complex, that occur in all organisms.
Schizophrenia-causes a person to have unusual thoughts
Bipolar disorder-causes a person to have dramatic mood swings, from feeling extremely sad to
feeling euphoric.
Da Vinci-Rene Descartes(dualism)-mind and body are separate yet intertwined radical.
Neurotransmitters-chemicals that communicate messages between nerve cells
1900-decade of the brain
The accumulating evidence indicates that the mind is adaptive in biological and cultural terms
Adaptations-physical characteristics, skills, and abilities-that increased their chances of survival
and reproduction and ensured that their genes were passed along to future generations.
Charles Darwin-on the origin of species-theory of evolution-natural selection: the process by
which organisms random mutations that are adaptive are passed along and random
mutations that hinder survival are not.
Survival of the fittest-those better adapted to their environments will leave more offspring, those
offspring will produce more offspring.
Globalization-the flow of people, commodities, and financial instruments among all regions of
the world.
Westerners-analytic-emphasize their personal strengths
Easterners-holistic-emphasize their need for self-improvement
Interdisciplinary-share the goal of understanding how biological, individual, social and cultural
factors influence our specific behaviors.
Biological-physical body, neurochemical and genetic processes
Individual-individual differences in personality and in the mental processes that affect how
people perceive and know the world
Social-how group context affect peoples ways of interacting and influencing each other
Culture-explores how peoples thoughts, feelings, and actions are similar or differences across
culture. P13
Seven themes of psychological science(P15)
Wilhelm wundt-first psychology lab and institute
Introspection-a systematic examination of subjective mental experiences that requires people to
inspect and report on the content of their thoughts.(subjective)
Edward titchener-structuralism-an approach to psychology based on the idea that conscious
experience can be broken down into its basic underlying components or elements.
William James-structuralism-principles of psychology-stream of consciousness
Functionalism-an approach to psychology concerned with the adaptive purpose, or function,
of mind and behavior.
Gesalt theory-a theory based on the idea that the whole of personal experience is different from
simply the sum of its constituent elements.-reflects the perception of objects is subjective and
dependent on context.
Sigmund Freud-unconscious-the mental processes that operate below the level of conscious
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.