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Chapter 13

chapter 13

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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Chapter 13 <Disorders of Mind and Body>
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
- A handbook of clinical disorders used for diagnosing psychopathology.
Multiaxial system
is based on the growing realization that mental health is affected by a variety of factors.
- used in the DSM that provides assessment along five axes describing important mental health factors.
Neuropsychological testing
A client is asked to perform certain actions such as copying a picture, drawing a design from memory, sorting cards
Psychological testing
- Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
Causes of Mental Disorders
1. Psychological factors
- Family systems model: A diagnostic model that considers symptoms within an individual as
indicating problems within the family.
- Socioculutral model: A diagnostic model that views psychopathology as the result of the
interaction between individuals and their cultures
2. Cognitive-Behavioral factors
- Cognitive-behavioral approach: A diagnostic model that views psychopathology as the result of
learned, maladaptive cognitions. It interferes with some
important aspect of their lives
3. Biological factors
- Genetics contribute to mental illness
- may cause it from prenatal problems such as maternal illness, malnutritions
4. Diathesis-stress model: A diagnostic model that proposes that a disorder may develop when an
underlying vulnerability is coupled with a precipitating event.
Psychopathology is conceptualized differently in the legal system than In the medical field
Anxiety Disorder
Disorders characterized by the experience of excessive anxiety in the absence of true danger.
- causes a variety of somatic symptoms: sweating, dry mouth, rapid pulse, shallow breathing,
increased blood pressure, and increased muscular tension
1. Phobia disorder
- phobia: a fear of a specific object or situation. The fear is exaggerated and out of proportion to the
actual danger.
1. Specific Phobia: An irrational fear of a specific object or situation.
(ex: snakes(ophidiophobia), enclosed spaces(claustrophobia),
heights(acrophobia)).
2. Social Phobia: A fear of being negatively evaluated by others
2. Generalized anxiety disorder
- persistent anxiety with no specific focus
- is diffuse and omnipresent
- people with this disorder are constantly anxious and worry incessantly about even minor matters
- symptoms: headaches, restlessness, fatigue, muscle pain, distractibility, sleeplessness
3. Panic disorder
- sufferers experience attacks of terror that are sudden and overwhelming.
- people have subjective feelings that they are dying and thus, more likely to attempt suicide
- more influenced by biological factor (ex: after inhaling CO2 and hyperventilating)
Agoraphobia
- A fear of being in a situation from which one cant escape, such as on a crowded bus or
crowded shopping mall.
4. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
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Description
Chapter 13 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) - A handbook of clinical disorders used for diagnosing psychopathology. Multiaxial system is based on the growing realization that mental health is affected by a variety of factors. - used in the DSM that provides assessment along five axes describing important mental health factors. Neuropsychological testing A client is asked to perform certain actions such as copying a picture, drawing a design from memory, sorting cards Psychological testing - Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Causes of Mental Disorders 1. Psychological factors - Family systems model: A diagnostic model that considers symptoms within an individual as indicating problems within the family. - Socioculutral model: A diagnostic model that views psychopathology as the result of the interaction between individuals and their cultures 2. Cognitive-Behavioral factors - Cognitive-behavioral approach: A diagnostic model that views psychopathology as the result of learned, maladaptive cognitions. It interferes with some important aspect of their lives 3. Biological factors - Genetics contribute to mental illness - may cause it from prenatal problems such as maternal illness, malnutritions 4. Diathesis-stress model: A diagnostic model that proposes that a disorder may develop when an underlying vulnerability is coupled with a precip
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