Somatic marker theory t most self-regulatory actions and decisions are affected by the bodily reactions,
called somatic markers, that arise from contemplating their outcomes. People with famage to frontal
lobes cant use past outcomes to regulate future behavior.
Emotional info captures attention t emotional stroop task t cognitive processes are biased toward
emotional stimuli t words that are emotionally arousing are more difficult to override than neutral
Emotion lessens attentional blink t 15 words shown, must remember the ones in green, harder to
remember the second green word if they are presented right after each other. Happens b/c attention
was focused on the first word.
Link between emotionality and memory - remember/know procedure t participants are asked about
their recognition of an item from a previous trial. They state whether they have a feeling that the item is
familiar, which is a know judgment, or whether their recollection of the item is accompanied by sensory,
semantic or emotional detail which is a remember judgment.
Beta blockers that are normally used to control blood pressure impair the ability to recognize emotional
expressions, perhaps b/w blocking norepinephrine interferes with emotional processing. Suggests that
administering drugs that block norepinephrine might help prevent the development of PTSD.
Anxiety t alarm function t motivates ppl to behave according to group norms
Guilt t negative emotional state associated with anxiety, tension, and agitation. Ptorottypical guilt
Guilt protexts and strengthens interpersonal relationships through:
- Keeping people from doing things that would harm their relationships
- Encouraging behaviours that strengthen relationships
- Displays of guilt show that people care about their partners, reaffirming social bonds
- Guilt is an influence tactic that can be used to manipulate the behavior of others.
All negative emotions show considerable genetic influence (evidence by higher concordance rates for
identical twins), but guilt is unique and highly influenced by social environment.
w/ age =, influence of guilt of a shared environment became stronger, evidence of genetic influence
disappeared. parental warmth is associated with greater guilt in children.
Embarrassment is a naturally occurring state that usually occurs following social events such as
violations of cultural norms, loss of physical poise, teasing, and self-image threats
Individuals who look embarrassed after a transgression elicit more sympathy, forgiveness, amusement,
and laughter from onlookers.