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Chapter 12

PSY230H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Coronary Artery Disease, Borderline Personality Disorder, Psychosomatic Medicine


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY230H1
Professor
Dan Dolderman
Chapter
12

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Ch. 12 Stress, Adjustment, and Health Differences Summary
Disease-Prone Personalities
Psychosomatic medicine: Treatment base don the idea that the mind affects the body –
that mental health affects physical health.
Health Behaviours and Healthy Environments
First major way health is related to personality is health behaviours. Some personalities
put people at higher risk for shit.
Conscientiousness predicts not only healthy behaviours, but healthy situations.
Type T Theory: Frank H. Farley’s theory that suggests a psychobiological need for
stimulation due to an internal arousal deficit; Type T – Thrill seeking.
The Sick Role
People often when stressed feel symptoms that make them think they are ill.
Sick role: A set of societal expectations about how a person should behave when ill.
Disease-Caused Personality Changes
Disease can affect personality.
Somatopsychic effect: Disease of genetic predispositions to illness that affect personality.
Diathesis-Stress: The Interactionist Approach
Diathesis-stress model: Model of disease that suggests that although a predisposition to
illness exists because of genetics or upbringing, the illness itself will not appear unless or
until it is elicited by the environment.
Diathesis: The often hereditary predisposition of the body to disease or disorder.
Personality Disorders
Borderline personality disorder: Combination of impulsive, self-destructive behaviour,
fragile self-identity, and moody, stormy relationships.
Personality disorder: Deep-rooted, ongoing pattern of behaviour that impairs the
person’s functioning and well-being.
Personalities cannot be understood by just looking at one or two approaches. It is a broad
range of things that can affect tour personality.
Personality and Coronary-Proneness
Type A behaviour pattern/type A personality: A tense, competitive style that is especially
likely to be associated with coronary heart disease.
The Type A Behaviour Pattern and Choleric Struggle
Proposed that Type As are in a constant struggle to do more that it unleashes on their
heart and sympathetic nervous systems.
The problem is not the hard work, but the problem is the hostility behind it.
Giving Up
People who give up are more likely to succumb to their illness. Theory of learned
helplessness.
Retirement can be seen as a form of giving up of you are leaving behind things that you
enjoy.
Other Diseases
Disease prone personality: Personality characteristics associated with an increased
likelihood of becoming ill.
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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