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Chapter 5

Chapter 5 Key Terms & Notes

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY240H1
Professor
S.Cassin

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PSY240 Abnormal Psychology
Chapter Notes
Midterm 1 – Chapters 1-5
Chapter Five: Treatments for Abnormality
Psychotherapy: many forms of psychotherapy, but most involve a therapist talking with the
person suffering from the disorder about his or her symptoms and what is contributing to these
symptoms.
Drug Therapies
Antipsychotic Drugs: drugs that relieve the symptoms of psychosis
Chlorpromazine: a drug now used to treat the symptoms of psychosis, which is the loss of touch
with reality, hallucinations, and delusions.
Phenothiazines: a chemical compound - drugs that reduce the functional level of dopamine in
the brain and tend to reduce the symptoms of schizophrenia
Neuroleptic: a drug that depresses the activity of the nervous system and is used to treat
psychotic symptoms
Butyrophenone: class of drugs that can reduce psychotic symptoms, includes haloperidol
Antidepressant Drugs
Antidepressants: drugs to treat the symptoms of depression
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs): class of antidepressants
Tricyclic drugs: class of antidepressant drugs
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): example: Prozac, is a class of antidepressant
drugs
Lithium and other Mood Stabilizers
Lithium: is a metallic element that is present in the sea, in natural springs, and in animal and
plant tissue. It has been used to treat a number of medical disorders but with weak results.
Anticonvulsants: drugs used to treat mania and depression
Calcium channel blockers: drugs used to treat mania and depression
Antianxiety Drugs
Antianxiety drugs: drugs used to treat anxiety, insomnia, and other psychological symptoms
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Barbiturates: drugs used to treat anxiety and insomnia that work by suppressing the central
nervous system and decreasing the activity level of certain hormones
Benzodiazepines: drugs that reduce anxiety and insomnia
Electroconvulsive therapy: used as an alterative to drug therapies and is useful in treating severe
depression. It is a treatment for depression that involves the induction of a brain seizure by
passing electrical current through the patients brain while he or she is anesthetized
Psychosurgery
Prefrontal lobotomy: a procedure where the frontal lobes of the brain were severed from the
lower centers of the brain in people suffering from psychosis
Psychosurgery: used on rare occasions to help people with severe psychopathology that is not
affected by drugs or other treatments
Repetitive Transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS): biological treatment that exposes
patients to repeated, high intensity magnetic pulses that re focused on particular brain structures
in order to stimulate those structures
Psychodynamic theories: focus on uncovering and resolving unconscious conflicts that are
thought to drive psychological symptoms. The goal is to help clients recognize the maladaptive
ways in which they have been trying to cope and the sources of their unconscious conflicts.
Free association: when a client is taught to talk about whatever comes to mind, trying not to
censor any thoughts. By turning off the censor a client might find herself talking about subjects
or memories that she did not even realize were on her mind.
Resistance: material that the client is reluctant to talk about during psychotherapy – a clue to the
clients most central unconscious conflicts because it is the most threatening.
Transference: occurs when the client reacts to the therapist as if the therapist were an important
person in the clients early development, such as a father.
Working through: method used in psychodynamic therapies in which the client repeatedly goes
over and over painful memories and difficult issues a s away to understand and accept them
Catharsis: expression of emotions connected to memories and conflicts – catharsis unleashes the
energy bound in unconscious memories and conflicts, allowing this material to be incorporated
into more adaptive self-views.
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Description
1 PSY240 Abnormal Psychology Chapter Notes Midterm 1 Chapters 1-5 Chapter Five: Treatments for Abnormality Psychotherapy: many forms of psychotherapy, but most involve a therapist talking with the person suffering from the disorder about his or her symptoms and what is contributing to these symptoms. Drug Therapies Antipsychotic Drugs: drugs that relieve the symptoms of psychosis Chlorpromazine: a drug now used to treat the symptoms of psychosis, which is the loss of touch with reality, hallucinations, and delusions. Phenothiazines: a chemical compound - drugs that reduce the functional level of dopamine in the brain and tend to reduce the symptoms of schizophrenia Neuroleptic: a drug that depresses the activity of the nervous system and is used to treat psychotic symptoms Butyrophenone: class of drugs that can reduce psychotic symptoms, includes haloperidol Antidepressant Drugs Antidepressants: drugs to treat the symptoms of depression Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs): class of antidepressants Tricyclic drugs: class of antidepressant drugs Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): example: Prozac, is a class of antidepressant drugs Lithium and other Mood Stabilizers Lithium: is a metallic element that is present in the sea, in natural springs, and in animal and plant tissue. It has been used to treat a number of medical disorders but with weak results. Anticonvulsants: drugs used to treat mania and depression Calcium channel blockers: drugs used to treat mania and depression Antianxiety Drugs Antianxiety drugs: drugs used to treat anxiety, insomnia, and other psychological symptoms www.notesolution.com
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