PSY240H1 Chapter Notes -False Pregnancy, Dissociative Identity Disorder, America One

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Published on 30 Jun 2011
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Chapter 8 Somatoform & Dissociative Disorders
Long history within psychology
Case of Anna O launched psychoanalysis as a form of psychotherapy
Consider these disorders as an extreme form of escape
Surrounded by controversy
A group of disorders in which people experience significant physical symptoms for
which there is no apparent organic (originates in the physiology) cause.
Individuals truly experience the symptoms, which do not go away until the
psychological issues are resolved.
Distinction:
-Somatoform disorders are not the same as the psychosomatic disorders, which are
medical disorders in which people have actual physical illness or defect, e.g high blood
pressure, which can be documented and worsened by psychological factors, e.g
stress
Somatoform and Pain Disorders
Subjective experience of many physical symptoms,
with no organic causes
Psychosomatic Disorders
Actual physical illness present and psychological
factors seem to be contributing to the illness, e.g.
high blood pressure
Malingering
Deliberate faking of physical symptoms to avoid an
unpleasant situation, such as military duty
Factitious Disorder
Factitious Disorder by Proxy
Deliberate faking of physical illness to gain medical
attention
Deliberate faking or even creation of physical
illness in one!s child to gain attention for oneself
- authorities must be careful accusing a parent of
causing harm to his/her child because of great
repercussions of falsely accusing parents, e.g
ruining: careers, family. Parents must be very adept
at hiding what they are doing to their children,
especially when they have a medical background
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Document Summary

Somatoform disorders are not the same as the psychosomatic disorders, which are medical disorders in which people have actual physical illness or defect, e. g high blood pressure, which can be documented and worsened by psychological factors, e. g stress. Somatoform and pain disorders subjective experience of many physical symptoms, with no organic causes. Actual physical illness present and psychological factors seem to be contributing to the illness, e. g. high blood pressure. Deliberate faking of physical symptoms to avoid an unpleasant situation, such as military duty. Deliberate faking of physical illness to gain medical attention. Deliberate faking or even creation of physical illness in ones child to gain attention for oneself. Authorities must be careful accusing a parent of causing harm to his/her child because of great repercussions of falsely accusing parents, e. g ruining: careers, family. Symptoms: somatization disorder involves a long history of multiple physical complaints for which people have sought treatment but for which there is no apparent organic cause.

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