PSY270H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Creative Problem-Solving, Temporal Lobe, Wine Bottle

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10 Dec 2017
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PSY270H1 Full Course Notes
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PSY270H1 Full Course Notes
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A problem occurs when there is an obstacle between a present state and a goal and it is not immediately obvious how to get around the obstacle. The gestalt psychologists focused on how people represent a problem in their mind. They devised a number of problems to illustrate how solving a problem involves a restructuring of this representation and to demonstrate factors that pose obstacles to problem solving. restructuring: process of changing the problem"s representation. The gestalt psychologists introduced the idea that reorganization is associated with insight a sudden realization of a problem"s solution. Functional xedness is an obstacle to problem solving that is illustrated by. Xation: people"s tendency to focus on a speci c characteristic of a problem that stops them from solving it. Duncker"s candle problem and asked subjects to mount candle on cork board so it"ll burn w/o dripping wax subjects were presented with boxes empty did better than those who had boxes as containers.

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