Textbook Notes (381,289)
CA (168,463)
UTSG (11,042)
PSY (2,994)
PSY270H1 (159)
Chapter 9

Chapter 9

3 Pages
127 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY270H1
Professor
Christine Burton

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Chapter 9: Nature and Acquisition (pgs. 342-364) Chapter 10: Language in Context (pgs. 381-
393; 410-417)
Language: use of an organized means of combining words in order to communicate
Communication: exchange of thoughts and feelings- is through language
oEncompasses other aspects: nonverbal means (gestures, facial expressions), glances, touches
(hits, hugs)
Psycholinguistics: psychology of our language as it interacts with human mind. Considers
production and comprehension of language
4 areas of study:
oLinguistics: study of language structure and change
oNeurolinguistics: study of relationships among brain, cognition and language
oSociolinguistics: study of relationship between social behaviour and language
oComputational linguistics and psycholinguistics: study of language via computational
methods
Properties of Language
General Descriptions
6 properties that are distinctive of language:
oCommunicative: language permits us to communicate with one or more people who share
our language
oArbitrarily symbolic: language creates an arbitrary relationship between a symbol and its
referent: an idea, a thing, a process, a relationship or description
oRegularly structured: language has a structure, only particularly patterned arrangements
of symbols have meanings
oStructured at multiple levels: structure of language can be analyzed at more than one level
oGenerative, productive: within limits of linguistic structure, language users can produce
novel utterances.
oDynamic: languages constantly evolve
Fundamental Aspects of Language
2 fundamental aspects of language
oReceptive comprehension and decoding of language input
oExpressive encoding and production of language output
Decoding: deriving the meaning from whatever symbolic reference system is being used
Encoding: transforming our thoughts into a form that can be expressed as linguistic output
Verbal comprehension: receptive ability to comprehend written and spoken linguistic input, such as
words, sentences, paragraphs
Verbal fluency: expressive ability to produce linguistic output
Phoneme: smallest unit of speech sound that can be used to distinguish one utterance in a given
language from another
Allophones: sound variants of the same phoneme
Phonemics: study of particular phonemes of a language
Phonetics: study of how to produce or combine speech sounds or to represent them with written
symbols
Next level of hierarchy: morpheme: smallest unit that denotes meaning within a particular
language
oContent morphemes: words that convey the bulk of meaning of language
oFunction morphemes: add detail and nuance to meaning of content morphemes or help
content morphemes fit the grammatical context
Lexicon: entire set of morphemes in a given language or in given persons linguistic repertoire
oAverage adult speaker of English has lexicon of about 80 000 morphemes
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Chapter 9: Nature and Acquisition (pgs. 342-364) Chapter 10: Language in Context (pgs. 381- 393; 410-417) Language: use of an organized means of combining words in order to communicate Communication: exchange of thoughts and feelings- is through language o Encompasses other aspects: nonverbal means (gestures, facial expressions), glances, touches (hits, hugs) Psycholinguistics: psychology of our language as it interacts with human mind. Considers production and comprehension of language 4 areas of study: o Linguistics: study of language structure and change o Neurolinguistics: study of relationships among brain, cognition and language o Sociolinguistics: study of relationship between social behaviour and language o Computational linguistics and psycholinguistics: study of language via computational methods Properties of Language General Descriptions 6 properties that are distinctive of language: o Communicative: language permits us to communicate with one or more people who share our language o Arbitrarily symbolic: language creates an arbitrary relationship between a symbol and its referent: an idea, a thing, a process, a relationship or description o Regularly structured: language has a structure, only particularly patterned arrangements of symbols have meanings o Structured at multiple levels: structure of language can be analyzed at more than one level o Generative, productive: within limits of linguistic structure, langua
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit