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Chapter 10

Chapter 10

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY270H1
Professor
Christine Burton

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Chapter 10: Language in Context (pgs. 381-393; 410-417)
Reading: Bottom-Up and Top-Down Processes
At minimum, reading involves language, memory, thinking, intelligence and perception
Dyslexia: difficulty in deciphering, reading and comprehending text
Several processes may be impaired in dyslexia:
oPhonological awareness: awareness of sound structure of spoken language. Way to assess
phonological awareness is through phoneme-deletion task.
oPhonological reading: reading words in isolation
oPhonological coding in working memory: remembering strings of phonemes that are
sometimes confusing. Measured by comparing working memory for confusable versus
nonconfusable phonemes
oLexical access: ability to retrieve phonemes from long term memory. Whether one can
quickly retrieve a word from LTM when it is seen
Developmental dyslexia: difficulty in reading that starts in childhood and typically continues
throughout adulthood.
oDifficulty in learning rules that relate letters to sounds
oBelieved to have both biological and environmental causes
oAbnormalities in 3, 6, 15
Acquired dyslexia: typically caused by traumatic brain damage
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Description
Chapter 10: Language in Context (pgs. 381-393; 410-417) Reading: Bottom-Up and Top-Down Processes At minimum, reading involves language, memory, thinking, intelligence and perception Dyslexia: difficulty in deciphering, reading and comprehending text Several processes may be impaired in dyslexia: o Phonological awareness: awareness of sound structure of spoken language. Way to assess phonological awareness is through phoneme-deletion task. o Phonological reading: reading words in isolation o Phonological coding in working memory: remembering strings of phonemes that are sometimes confusing. Measured by comparing workin
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