PSY309H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Technisches Hilfswerk, Pharmacology, Lexisnexis

14 views1 pages
Published on 2 Aug 2012
School
UTSG
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY309H1
Chapter 2: Where to Start
HYPOTHESES AND PREDICTIONS
- Hypothesis makes a statement about something that may be true; a tentative idea/question
- Prediction makes a statement concerning what will occur in a research investigation; outcome of the experiment
- when the results of a study confirm a prediction, the hypothesis is only supported, not proven
- participants/subjects individuals who participate in research projects
- respondents individuals who take part in survey research
- informants people who help researchers understand the dynamics of particular cultural and organization settings
SOURCES OF IDEAS
- COMMON SENSE things we all believe to be true
- OBSERVATION OF THE WORLD AROUND US observations of personal and social events
o Serendipity sometimes the most interesting discoveries are the result of accident or sheer luck
- THEORIES
o Organize and Explain a variety of specific facts/descriptions of behaviour
o Generate new knowledge which focus our thinking so that we notice new aspects of behaviour
o scientific theory is grounded in actual data: observations that have been made and hypotheses that can be tested thru research
o theories are usually modified as new research defines the scope of the theory
- PAST RESEARCH best way to generate ideas for new research
- PRACTICAL PROBLEMS
LIBRARY RESEARCH
- a researcher must have a thorough knowledge of previous research findings
- a review of past studies will help the researcher clarify the idea and design the study
- THE NATURE OF JOURNALS
- PSYCHOLOGICAL ABSTRACTS
- CONDUCTING A PSYCINFO SEARCH
- SCIENCE CITATION INDEX (SCI) AND SOCIAL SCIENCES CITATION INDEX (SSCI)
o Both allow you to search through citation info such as name of the author or article name
o SCI includes disciplines such as bio, chem, biomedicine, pharmacology
o SSCI includes social and behavioural sciences such as sociology and criminal justice
- LITERATURE REVIEWS
o Other Electronic Resources
FirstSearch, Sociological Abstracts, MEDLINE, ERIC, Lexis-Nexis, Factiva
o Internet Searches
scholar.google.com, professional meeting searches, evaluating web info
ANATOMY OF A RESEARCH ARTICLE
- ABSTRACT
o summary of the research report; no more than 120 words; contains info about hypothesis, procedure and broad pattern of results
- INTRODUCTION
o outlines the problem that has been investigated
- METHOD
- RESULTS
o findings are presented
- DISCUSSION
o researcher reviews the research from various perspectives
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 1 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Hypothesis makes a statement about something that may be true; a tentative idea/question. Prediction makes a statement concerning what will occur in a research investigation; outcome of the experiment. When the results of a study confirm a prediction, the hypothesis is only supported, not proven. Participants/subjects individuals who participate in research projects. Respondents individuals who take part in survey research. Informants people who help researchers understand the dynamics of particular cultural and organization settings. Common sense things we all believe to be true. Observation of the world around us observations of personal and social events: serendipity sometimes the most interesting discoveries are the result of accident or sheer luck. Past research best way to generate ideas for new research. A researcher must have a thorough knowledge of previous research findings. A review of past studies will help the researcher clarify the idea and design the study. Firstsearch, sociological abstracts, medline, eric, lexis-nexis, factiva: internet searches.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.