PSY333H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Sport Psychology, Goal Setting

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Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY333H1
Chapter 9: health and physical activity
Sport psychology: the study of the influence of psychological factors on sport behaviour (mind-to-body)
Exercise psychology: the study of the influence the sport and exercise have on one’s psychology and
behaviour. (body-to-mind)
Five components of health
Mental, physical, emotional, social and spiritual
Five forms of physical activity
Isometric: contracting muscle with no movement
Isotonic: free weights, shortening and lengthening
Isokinetic: complete range of motion, most effective but hardest, expensive machines
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Four sources of efficacy expectations
Performance accomplishments: most influential, actual experiences of mastery, considered to
be the most influential source of self-efficacy
Vicarious experience: gained through observing and visualizing others perform a skill, which can
alert one to one’s own capabilities and raise one’s sense of self-efficacy.
Verbal persuasion: to verbally persuade others that they have the skills to perform a particular
taskthat is, to talk then into it
Emotional arousal: a source of efficacy expectation in which individuals assess their emotional
level and evaluate their capabilities accordingly; for example, high levels of emotion may be
thought to be debilitating and predictive of failure.
Principle areas of concern in Sport psychology
Performance enhancement as it relates to the development of psychological skills that can be
used to optimize athletic performance
Clinical issues (injuries, depression, eating disorders) which compromise and athletes
performance
Psychological skills in sport: arousal or attentional control implemented to enhance performance
Psychological methods in sport: techniques such as relaxation, goal setting, and imagery, which are used
to develop psychological skills.
Psychological methods
Goal setting
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Document Summary

Sport psychology: the study of the influence of psychological factors on sport behaviour (mind-to-body) Exercise psychology: the study of the influence the sport and exercise have on one"s psychology and behaviour. (body-to-mind) Isokinetic: complete range of motion, most effective but hardest, expensive machines. Performance accomplishments: most influential, actual experiences of mastery, considered to be the most influential source of self-efficacy. Vicarious experience: gained through observing and visualizing others perform a skill, which can alert one to one"s own capabilities and raise one"s sense of self-efficacy. Verbal persuasion: to verbally persuade others that they have the skills to perform a particular task that is, to talk then into it. Emotional arousal: a source of efficacy expectation in which individuals assess their emotional level and evaluate their capabilities accordingly; for example, high levels of emotion may be thought to be debilitating and predictive of failure.

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