PSY333H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Rheumatoid Arthritis, Asthma, Biopsychosocial Model

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Published on 6 Jul 2012
School
UTSG
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY333H1
Professor
PSY333 - Health Psychology
Chapter 1 What is Health Psychology?
Health psychology: devoted to understanding psychological influences on
how people stay healthy, why they become ill, and how they respond when
they do get ill
WHO defines health as a complete state of physical, mental and social well-
being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
Health psychologists look at:
o Health promotion and maintenance
o Prevention and treatment of illness
o Etiology and correlates of health, illness and dysfunction
o The health care system and the formulation of health policy
Mind-body relationship views the mind and body as inseparable influences
on health
In the earliest times, the mind and body were considered a unit. Early
cultures believed that disease arose when evil spirits entered the body and
these spirits could be exorcised through treatment
o Trephination was a procedure that allowed the spirits to leave the
body while the ‘physician’ or ‘shaman’ performed treatment rituals
Greeks were among the earliest to identify the role of bodily functioning in
health and illness. They developed humoral theory of illness (proposed by
Hippocrates, expanded by Galen) where disease arises when the four
circulating fluids of the body blood, black bile, yellow bile and phlegm are
our of balance
In middle ages, mysticism and demonology dominated concepts of disease,
which were seen as God’s punishment for evildoing cure often consisted of
driving out evil by torture, prayer, penance and bloodletting
o Church was the guardian of medical knowledge
Scientific advances resulted in dualism, where physicians were guardians of
the body and philosophers & theologians were caretakers of the mind
o The view began to change with the rise of modern psychology,
particularly Freud’s work on conversion hysteria where the
unconscious conflicts can produce particular physical disturbances
that symbolize the repressed psychological conflicts in C.H., the
patient converts the conflict into a symptom via the voluntary nervous
system; they then become relatively free of the anxiety the conflict
would otherwise produce
Dunbar and Alexander’s works helped shape psychosomatic medicine
which refers to particular disorders believed to be psychosomatic in origin
that is, bodily disorders caused by emotional conflicts: ulcers,
hyperthyroidism, rheumatoid arthritis, hypertension, bronchial asthma
researchers believe personality isn’t sufficient enough to produce illness
Behavioral medicine developed to demonstrate the connections between
body and mind suggested by psychosomatic medicine
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Document Summary

Health psychology: devoted to understanding psychological influences on how people stay healthy, why they become ill, and how they respond when they do get ill. Who defines health as a complete state of physical, mental and social well- being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health psychologists look at: health promotion and maintenance, prevention and treatment of illness, etiology and correlates of health, illness and dysfunction, the health care system and the formulation of health policy. Mind-body relationship views the mind and body as inseparable influences on health. In the earliest times, the mind and body were considered a unit. Greeks were among the earliest to identify the role of bodily functioning in health and illness. They developed humoral theory of illness (proposed by. Hippocrates, expanded by galen) where disease arises when the four circulating fluids of the body blood, black bile, yellow bile and phlegm are our of balance.

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