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PSY336H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter N/A: Chesed, Cognitive Therapy, Southwest Ohio Regional Transit Authority

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Dan Dolderman

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Upwards Spirals of Positive Emotions Counter Downward Spirals of
Negativity: Insights from the Broaden-and-Build Theory and Affective
Neuroscience on the Treatment of Emotion Dysfunctions and Deficits in
Psychopathology Summary
Positive emotions broaden cognition and behavioural repertoires.
Positive emotional states may trigger lasting, durable changes in the structure and
function of the brain.
The Broaden-and-Build Theory of Positive Emotions
BAB theory holds that positive emotions broaden individuals’ thought-action repertoires,
enabling them to draw flexibly on higher-level connects and ranges of percepts, ideas,
and action urges. Broadened cognition creates behavioural flexibility over time.
Positive emotions broaden people’s attention and thinking in both personal and
interpersonal domains.
Loving-kindness mediation (LKM) resulted in increases in positive emotions, even a year
3:1, positive:negative emotions is the proposed ratio. Above is good.
Positive emotions fuel resistance to negative emotions, and the consequences of negative
Emotional Systems as Spirals
When we experience negative emotions, our mind can sometimes lead us to ruminate on
them, withdraw, form biases, etc. all of which lead to the negative emotion spiralling out
of control.
Positive emotions can also trigger these spirals.
State-Trait Interactions Drive Affective Plasticity
Repeated instances of emotions accrue into upward spirals of sustained well-being. Core
to BAB theory.
Going beyond our limits tends to be associated with development of potentiated synaptic
connections and new neural growth.
Repetition of behaviours that invoke emotions can lower the threshold at which those
emotions become problematic. Same true for positive emotions whereby positive
emotions are experienced more easily.
Changes induced from positive emotions can include brain changes (though more
research is needed) and changes to things like stress.
Positive Emotions May Counter Mechanisms of Emotion-Related Disorders
Depression and Anxiety
These individuals tend to be biased towards negative processing.
Positive emotions are incompatible with negative emotions, so if you are able to have
some positive emotions, may push out the negative ones.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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