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CH16 – CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY (textbook notes)

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University of Toronto St. George
Ashley Waggoner Denton

CH16 – CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY – INCOMPLETE – PAGE 728 What is Culture?  Information Transmitted through Learning o ratio of cerebral cortex to brain volume o Imitative or social learning  group dynamics  shared and unique aspects of culture  social learning o cultural learning in other species  communication skills o human cultural learning  theory of mind  development of tools  Accumulating cultural information What is Cultural Psychology?  The study of how culture shapes psychological processes o universal and culturally specific psychologies o interaction between people and information o generalizability of research findings o individuality and belongingness How does culture affect the mind? o language development  Universal behaviors, reactions, and institutions o sex, gender, and the family o acculturation o social differentiation  aging and cultural differences in psychological processes o social customs o cultural differences increase with age o emotion  correspondence bias/fundamental attribution error o cognition  dispositional and situational attribution  culture and mind are inextricably bound  culture and variation in self-concept o interaction of the mind and the individual o self-concept in individualistic and collectivistic cultures  interaction of mind and culture  cultural variation in brain activity  culture and education  interdependent and independent self-construal  sensitive period for learning culture  post decisional dissonance What are the psychological consequences of moving to a different culture?  acculturation requires significant adjustment  CULTURAL DISTANCE – the disparity in customs, o ACCULTURATION – the process of adaptation to a culture different traditions, beliefs, and general heritage between two from one’s own. cultures.  psychological adjustment  CULTURAL FIT – The degree to which one’s values and  U-SHAPED CURVE – in psychology, a pattern of behavioral norms align with those common to another acculturation, characterized by three phases: the culture. “honeymoon stage”, “crisis” or “culture shock”, and o Discrimination and minority cultural backgrounds “adjustment”  stereotype threat  honeymoon stage o multicultural people can switch between different selves  CULTURE SHOCK (CRISIS) STAGE – The feelings of  FRAME-SWITCHING – The shifting of thoughts and behaviors to anxiety, estrangement, helplessness, and those appropriate for a given cultural context. incongruousness with one’s surroundings that often o on ethics: multicultural vs. culture-blind workplaces follow emigration to a new cultural environment. o multicultural people may be more creative  adjustment stage  creativity and adapting to different cultures How Does Culture affect how we think and behave?  Cultures differ in analytic and holistic thinking  Cultures dif
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