Textbook Notes (368,425)
Canada (161,877)
Psychology (2,971)
PSY100H1 (1,821)
Chapter 9

2012 - PSY100H1: Chapter 9 - Motivation & Emotion

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Ashley Waggoner Denton

Motivation&Emotion How does motivation activate, direct and sustain behavior  Motivation – Factors the energize and direct behaviour  Drives – psychological state that encourages a behaviour (hunger encourages eating)  Need – A state of biological or social deficiency; creates arousal  Arousal – A physiological activation (brain activity or sweating …)  Need Hierarchy – biological needs are on the bottom and social needs on top  Habit – when a behavior consistently reduces a drive  Incentives – Some reward or punishment to motivate behaviour; tiger chasing you = run faster  Yerkes-Dodson law – optimal performance occurs at moderate arousal  Pleasure Principle – Humans seek pleasure and avoid pain Types of Motivation  Intrinsic Motivation – Motivation to perform because it is pleasurable o Reading is pleasurable, but satisfies no goals  Extrinsic Motivation – motivation to perform because it will satisfy goals o Studying psychology to get a good grade  Rewarding intrinsic Motives o After being paid, when the payments stopped, the task was no longer pleasurable  Self-determination Theory – People motivated to satisfy needs for competence, and personal control  Self-Perception Theory – People are seldom aware of their specific motives and draw inferences about their motivation from what makes sense o You drink a lot of water, and say “I must have been thirsty” Self-Regulation, Efficacy and Achievement Motivation & Need to belong  Self Regulation – The process by which people alter behavior to attain personal goals o Difficult b/c involves postponing short term reward for long term goals o A limited resource, can only self-regulate for a while before becoming fatigued o Can be built up like a muscle  Self-Efficacy – expectancy that efforts will lead to success  Achievement Motivation – The desire to do well relative to standards of excellence  Delay gratification – delaying short term reward for better reward o Hot cognition – ideas the promote the immediate reward o Cold Cognition – thinking of things that distract, making it easier to delay gratification  Need to Belong Theory – Need for interpersonal attachments is evolutionary o High anxiety people want to be around high anxiety people  Due to the need to see if our reaction is appropriate What determines how we eat  Time and Taste – At noon to 2 pm, we eat; if it tastes good, we eat  Sensory Specific satiety – with only 1 type of food, we get sick of it and stop eating What is eaten? What makes us eat?  Unfamiliar food is less likely to be eaten  hypothalamus controls hunger and satiety o Lateral = hunger o Ventromedial = Full  Glucostatic Theory – Drop in glucose levels means it is time to eat  Lipostatic Theory – set point in body fat, if its low
More Less

Related notes for PSY100H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.