Textbook Notes (363,559)
Canada (158,426)
Psychology (2,948)
PSY100H1 (1,804)
M.Fournier (26)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8.doc

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George

Chapter 8 Somatoform disorders • Definition: group of disorders in which people experience significant physical symptoms for which there is no apparent organic cause; symptoms inconsistent with possible physiological processes and there is strong reason to believe psychological factors; truly experience symptoms (don’t consciously produce or control them); five types • Pseudocyesis: extreme example of somatoform disorder; false pregnancy; woman believes she is pregnant • Psychosomatic disorder: medical disorders in which people have an actual physical illness or defect that can be medically documented and is being worsened by psychological factors • Malingering: deliberate faking of physical symptoms to avoid an unpleasant situation, like military service • Factitious disorder: deliberate faking of physical illness to gain medical attention; Munchhausen’s syndrome; can have factitious disorder by proxy, where parents fake or create illnesses in their children in order to gain attention for themselves • Conversion disorder: most dramatic type; lose functioning in a part of the bodies for psychological reasons; common ones include paralysis, blindness, mutism, seizures, loss of coordination; la belle indifference wherein people appear unconcerned about loss of functioning; relatively rare; more common in women • Theories: formerly referred to as conversion hysteria and it was believed only women developed conversion symptoms caused by wandering womb; dramatic symptom described by Freud is glove anesthesia, lose all feeling in one hand; Freud believed symptoms were result of transfer of psychic energy attached to repressed emotions or memories into physical symptoms; common in survivors of sexual abuse and other traumatic events; people with these symptoms are highly hypnotizable (supporting theory sufferers have dissociated sensory/motor functions from consciousness in reaction to extreme stress); can’t be a physiological cause for symptoms; emotional stressors can inhibit circuits between sensorimotor areas of brain and those involved in emotions, resulting in a loss of sensa
More Less

Related notes for PSY100H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.