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Chapter 10

Chapter 10 - key terms (Part 1)

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Dan Dolderman

PSY100H1S D. Dolderman Midterm Study Guide— Chapter 10, Key Terms Chapter 10—Key Terms (xxx) = textbook pg. # 1. (449) Lymphocytes = Specialized white blood cells that make up the immune system → known as: B cells, T cells, natural killer cells  In Hans Selye’s sex hormones experiment, was found to decrease in rats when they were injected with hormones from other animals, alongside bloated adrenal glands and stomach ulcers. 2. (449) Oxytocin = an important hormone for mothers in bonding to newborns  produced in hypothalamus, released through pituitary gland into bloodstream  levels are higher  socially stressful situations  hormone is especially important in female stress response o Interesting note: sex differences in stress response may link to a higher average life expectancy in females>males. 3. (444) Placebo Effect = a drug/treatment (unrelated to a recipient’s problem) may make a recipient feel better because the person believes it is effective.  drugs/treatments often studied by being compared with a placebo → research subjects randomly assigned to drug/treatment group or placebo group → results compared  important aspect → anxiety reduction, which thus reduces pain → actual healing—effects of minds and bodies are seamlessly related  is a good example of the working biopsychosocial model → the belief in the medicinal effectiveness produces medicinal effects Richard Lazarus conceptualized a 2-part appraisal process: 4. (454) (Part 1) Primary Appraisal = Part of coping process which involves deciding whether a stimulus is stressful/benign/irrelevant When the stimuli is deemed as stressful, people use: 5. (454) (Part 2) Secondary appraisal = Part of coping process which involves people evaluating their response options + choosing coping behaviours. 06/03/2013 12:14:00 PM Page 1 of 2 PSY100H1S D. Dolderman Midterm Study Guide— Chapter 10, Key Terms  these cognitive appraisals affect perceptions of, and reactions to, future potential stressors, and help prepare for stressors  E.g., anticipatory coping—coping before the onset of a future stressor—parents rehearsing how they will explain a divorce to their kids 6. (454) Problem-focused coping = Type of coping which contrasts emotional coping → involves taking direct steps to confront/minimize a stressor.  steps include: generating alternative solutions + weighing costs and benefits + choosing between them  is adopted by people when stressors are perceived as controllable + moderate levels of stress are experienced o contrast with emotion-focused coping: enables people to continue functioning amidst uncontrollable stressors or high-stress levels 7. (470) Social integration = quality of a person’s social relationships.  studies found that peop
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