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Chapter 1-6

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht
Semester
Winter

Description
IntroductionPsychologyTest1StudyReviewnoteskeytermsdefinitions7Themes1 Psychologyisanempiricalscience2 NatureandNurtureareinextricablyentwined3 Thebrainandthemindareinseparable4 Anewbiologicalrevolutionisenergizingresearch5 Themindisadaptive6 Psychologicalsciencecrosseslevelsofanalysis7 WeoftenareunawareofthemultipleinfluencesonhowwethinkfeelactCultureThebeliefsvaluesrulesandcustomsthatexistwithinagroupofpeoplewhoshareacommonlanguageandenvironmentandthataretransmittedthroughlearningfromonegenerationtothenextNatureNurturedebateTheargumentsconcerningwhetherpsychologicalcharacteristicsarebiologicallyinnateoracquiredthrougheducationexperienceandcultureMindBodyproblemAfundamentalpsychologicalissuethatconsiderswhethermindandbodyareseparateanddistinctorwhetherthemindissimplythesubjectiveexperienceofthephysicalbrainThemindiswhatthebraindoesEvolutionarytheoryInpsychologicalscienceatheorythatemphasizestheinheritedadaptivevalueofbehaviorandmentalactivitythroughoutthehistoryofaspeciesAdaptationsInevolutionarytheorythephysicalcharacteristicsskillsorabilitiesthatincreasethechancesofreproductionorsurvivalandarethereforelikelytobepassedalongtofuturegenerationsNaturalSelectionDarwinstheorythatthosewhoinheritcharacteristicsthathelpthemadapttotheirparticularenvironmenthaveaselectiveadvantageoverthosewhodonotDifferentLevelsofAnalysis1 biologicallevelofanalysisphysicalbodycontributingtomindbehaviorasintheneurochemicalgeneticprocessesoccurringinbodybrain2 individuallevelofanalysisindividualdifferencesinpersonalityandmentalprocessesthataffecthowweperceivetheworld3 sociallevelofanalysishowgroupcontextsaffectpeopleswaysofinteractingandinfluencingeachother4 culturallevelofanalysishowpeoplesthoughtsfeelingsandactionsaresimilarordifferentacrossculturesIntrospectionAsystematicexaminationofsubjectivementalexperiencesthatrequirespeopletoinspectandreportonthecontentoftheirthoughtsStructuralismAnapproachtopsychologybasedontheideathatconsciousexperiencecanbebrokendownintoitsbasicunderlyingcomponentsorelementsStreamofconsciousnessAphrasecoinedbyWilliamJamestodescribeonescontinuousseriesofeverchangingthoughtsFunctionalismAnapproachtopsychologyconcernedwiththeadaptivepurposeorfunctionofmindandbehaviorGestalttheoryAtheorybasedontheideathatthewholepersonalexperienceisdifferentfromsimplythesumofitsconstituentelementsUnconsciousThementalprocessesthatoperatebelowthelevelofconsciousawarenessPsychoanalysisAmethoddevelopedbySigmundFreudthatattemptstobringthecontentsoftheunconsciousintoconsciousawarenesssothatconflictscanberevealedBehaviorismApsychologicalapproachthatemphasizestheroleofenvironmentalforcesinproducingbehaviorCognitivePsychologyThestudyofpeoplethinklearnandrememberCognitiveneuroscienceThestudyoftheneuralmechanismthatunderliethoughtlearningandmemorySocialPsychologyThestudyofgroupdynamicsinrelationtopsychologicalprocessesCriticalThinkingAsystematicwayofevaluatinginformationtoreachreasonableconclusions
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