Textbook Notes (368,986)
Canada (162,320)
Psychology (2,981)
PSY100H1 (1,831)

Week 7 Notes

2 Pages
Unlock Document

Michael Inzlicht

WEEK 7 NOTES – Nelson chapter 6 – Experiencing Prejudice  Stereotyping and prejudice occur in a social context involving both the perceiver and the target  Social stigma – the possession of a characteristic or attribute that conveys a negative social identity  Stigmas mark the individual as “deviant, flawed, generally undesirable”  Group identification  Whether the individual has already strongly personally identified with their stigmatized group will affect the degree to which that person will identify with the group  High-identifiers more likely to associate themselves with the group, even when it is negative  Low-identifiers are individualistic/opportunistic & will only identify w/ group when it would positively affect their social identity  Stereotype threat – situation in which negative stereotypes about the group’s ability lead the stigmatized person to experience anxiety at the thought of performing poorly and confirming the stereotype.  Effect of stereotype threat more likely for people who highly identify w/ their group  **Study (Steele & Aronson): Blacks underperformed compared to whites when told that it was a diagnostic test measuring their intellect, but performed as well as whites in non- diagnostic condition of the same test. When black Ps were primed with race, that was enough to activate stereotype threat and did worse than without the race prime.  Similar effects with gender & low SES (women & mathematical ability)  “Stereotype lift” – when non-stigmatized person experience enhanced performance when they engage in downward comparison w/ a member of a stereotyped group  However, salient positive stereotypes can influence you to do well  **Study (Ambody et al) Asian women whose ethnic identity were made salient, they performed better on a math test when either no identity or their gender was made salient  Disidentification: individuals disengage their identity from a stereotype-relevant domain in order to preserve their self-esteem – threatened individuals may therefore disidentify with their groups in order to protect their self-esteem  Research shows for African-Americans, that self-esteem is high or higher than whites  Research show that both high/low achieving blacks were more to negatively evaluate and distance themselves away from their racial group when they believed that their group was negatively evaluated by others  Research show that women under stronger stereotype threat tended to disidentify more with math careers than women under weak threat  Self-esteem  Research shows that stigmatized groups like Blacks fail to experience decreased self-esteem but for some other stigmatized groups such as obese individuals, they suffer low self-esteem  Those who believe stigma is controllable and attribute personal flaw feel low self- esteem but those who believe stigma is uncontrollable and attribute negative evaluations to prejudice maintain self-esteem  Self-esteem is not based on how others view their self-worth, which can explain why stigmatized groups such as blacks may have high self-esteem  Another way to maintain self-esteem is to deny that they have been personally discriminated against or suffered prejudice  4 ways in
More Less

Related notes for PSY100H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.