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Chapter

Week 7 Notes

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht
Semester
Winter

Description
WEEK 7 NOTES – Nelson chapter 6 – Experiencing Prejudice  Stereotyping and prejudice occur in a social context involving both the perceiver and the target  Social stigma – the possession of a characteristic or attribute that conveys a negative social identity  Stigmas mark the individual as “deviant, flawed, generally undesirable”  Group identification  Whether the individual has already strongly personally identified with their stigmatized group will affect the degree to which that person will identify with the group  High-identifiers more likely to associate themselves with the group, even when it is negative  Low-identifiers are individualistic/opportunistic & will only identify w/ group when it would positively affect their social identity  Stereotype threat – situation in which negative stereotypes about the group’s ability lead the stigmatized person to experience anxiety at the thought of performing poorly and confirming the stereotype.  Effect of stereotype threat more likely for people who highly identify w/ their group  **Study (Steele & Aronson): Blacks underperformed compared to whites when told that it was a diagnostic test measuring their intellect, but performed as well as whites in non- diagnostic condition of the same test. When black Ps were primed with race, that was enough to activate stereotype threat and did worse than without the race prime.  Similar effects with gender & low SES (women & mathematical ability)  “Stereotype lift” – when non-stigmatized person experience enhanced performance when they engage in downward comparison w/ a member of a stereotyped group  However, salient positive stereotypes can influence you to do well  **Study (Ambody et al) Asian women whose ethnic identity were made salient, they performed better on a math test when either no identity or their gender was made salient  Disidentification: individuals disengage their identity from a stereotype-relevant domain in order to preserve their self-esteem – threatened individuals may therefore disidentify with their groups in order to protect their self-esteem  Research shows for African-Americans, that self-esteem is high or higher than whites  Research show that both high/low achieving blacks were more to negatively evaluate and distance themselves away from their racial group when they believed that their group was negatively evaluated by others  Research show that women under stronger stereotype threat tended to disidentify more with math careers than women under weak threat  Self-esteem  Research shows that stigmatized groups like Blacks fail to experience decreased self-esteem but for some other stigmatized groups such as obese individuals, they suffer low self-esteem  Those who believe stigma is controllable and attribute personal flaw feel low self- esteem but those who believe stigma is uncontrollable and attribute negative evaluations to prejudice maintain self-esteem  Self-esteem is not based on how others view their self-worth, which can explain why stigmatized groups such as blacks may have high self-esteem  Another way to maintain self-esteem is to deny that they have been personally discriminated against or suffered prejudice  4 ways in
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